Apologia -- The Human Body: Fearfully and Wonderfully Made! Module 8: The Central Nervous System

Vocabulary from Module 8 of Apologia Educational Ministries' The Human Body: Fearfully and Wonderfully Made! by Dr. Jay Wile and Marilyn M. Shannon, M.A.
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Gray matter
Collections of nerve cell bodies and their associated neuroglia
White matter
Bundles of parallel axons and their sheaths
Decussation
A crossing over
Vital functions
Those functions of the body necessary for life on a short-term basis
Commissures
Connections of nerve fibers which allow the two hemispheres of the brain to communicate with one another
Hypoxia
A condition in which the brain is not getting enough oxygen due to a poor blood supply
Hypoglycemia
A condition in which the glucose levels in the blood get too low
The three sections of the brainstem
The pons, the medulla, and the midbrain
These structures are part of the diencephalon
The hypothalamus and the thalamus
This structure relays messages from the cerebrum to the cerebellum
The pons
This structure controls the pituitary gland
The hypothalamus
This structure performs a crude interpretation of sensory information and then relays that information to the cerebrum
The thalamus
This structure deals with subconscious motor functions
The cerebellum
This structure allows the two hemispheres of the brain to communicate with each other
The corpus callosum