Processes by which immigrants maintain social, economic, religious, and political ties to both their immigrant communities and their communities back home.
The process of imposing the Islamic religion and associated cultural values within a nation to foster cultural uniformity.
Migration of people from one area of a country to another or across national borders in search of jobs.
Members of ethnic or cultural groups who have become minorities in their native lands due to migrations of other peoples into their territories or due to the historical configuration of a nation-state made up of diverse groups.
A process of identification with one's tribal origins.
Visiting wildlife sanctuaries and national parks to enjoy a more pristine environment than found in urban life.
Customary International Law
Traditional practices of dispute and conflict resolution, involving mechanisms for mediation and negotiation and principles for punishment or restoration of community relations.