26 terms

Chapter 7 Vocabulary

Ch. 7 Vocabulary Terms
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John Burgoyne
British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga in 1777
Joseph Brant
Mohawk leader who supported the British during the American Revolution. (p. 581)
Benedict Arnold
Was an American hero in the Revolution. Then he "sold" West Point to the British and became a traitor to the United States.
Horatio Gates
Defeated General Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga
Battles of Saratoga
a series of conflicts between british soldiers and the continental army in 1777 that proved to be a turning point in the revolutionary war
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)
Valley Forge
Worst time of the war for the Americans; Washington's men were camped during a terrible winter here without supplies, food and medicine
George Rogers Clark
the patriot who seized British forts on the southwestern frontier
John Paul Jones
sea commander who attacked British ships near the British coast
Wilderness Road
The trail into Kentucy that Daniel Boone helped build; although it was too narrow for carts or wagons and not easy to travel on, it became the main road into Kentucky.
Battle of Charles Town
British siege of Charles Town, South Carolina, in May 1780, in which the Americans suffered their worst defeat of the war
Lord Cornwallis
British general whose campaigns in the south led to his defeat at Yorktown
Battle of Yorktown
final battle of the war, in which French and American forces led by George Washington defeated British General Cornwallis
Treaty of Paris
Under this agreement, the British recognized the United States as an independent nation, the borders of the new nation extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River, and the southern border stopped at Florida, which was returned to Spain. The west of the Mississippi River also went to Spain.
Elizabeth Freeman
enslaved African American who won her freedom in court
Richard Allen
an african american preacher who helped start the free african society and the african methodist episcopal church
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
• document written by Jefferson that established freedom of religious beliefs and opinions, and the separation of church and state
• model for part of the 1st Amendment
Writs of Assistance
a search warrant that allowed british officers to enter colonial homes or businesses to search for smuggled goods
Minutemen
members of the Massachusetts colony militia who could quickly be ready to fight the British
Intolerable Acts
The laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 that closed Boston Harbor, dissolved the Massachusetts assembly, and forced Boston colonists to house British soldiers.
First Continental Congress
The assembly of colonial delegates from every colony except Georgia that met in 1774 in Philadelphia to oppose the Intolerable Acts.
Second Continental Congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Paine
Patriot and writer whose pamphlet Common Sense, published in 1776, convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain.
Ethan Allen
led the "Green Mountain Boys" to take over Fort Ticonderoga
Thomas Jefferson
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War