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Terms in this set (15)
Nativism, Know Nothing
Based on concept that on "native born" Americans deserved rights and citizenship, anti-catholic, anti-immigrant. Know Nothing Party was pre-Civil War
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million
Refers to Irish and German immigrants who arrived in America in 1820-1860.
Refers to immigrants who arrived in America between about 1870-1920. Tended to be from Eastern/Southern Europe, darker skinned, didn't speak English, poor, faced discrimination.
Immigration processing center that open in New York Harbor in 1892
American Protective Association
A Nativist group of the 1890s which opposed all immigration to the U.S.
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 law that barred Chinese laborers from entering the United States
1924 Immigration Act
Allowed 2% of immigrant populating living in U.S. in 1890 to enter the country, establish quota system, discriminate against Southern/Eastern European immigrants.
Southern society formed in 1866 to prevent freed men and women from exercising their rights and to help whites regain power; revised in the 1920's to terrorize foreigners, Catholics, Jews, etc.,
Red Scare (1920s)
anti-immigrant movement in America, targeted radicals, anarchists, labor unions.
Wartime agreement between the United States and Mexico to import farm workers to work in Southwest US farms; workers do not get citizenship/rights.
Japanese American internment
forced movement of Japanese Americans into camps during WWII (1942), fear of sabotage, but no acts seen.
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
abolished "national origins" quota system that had been in place since 1924, the act also doubled the number of immigrants allowed to enter annually while for the first time setting limits on immigrants from the Western Hemispere, it further provided for the admission of close relatives of US citizens, outside those numerical limits
1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act
In 1986 the Immigration Reform and Control act issued hundreds of thousands of visas to undocumented immigrants, making them legal migrants. Penalties to employers who hire illegal immigrants.
recently passed in AZ, police check immigration status of anyone arrested. Aims to reduce illegal immigration.
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