For other uses, see Jay Gould (disambiguation).
Born Jason Gould
May 27, 1836
Roxbury, New York, United States
Died December 2, 1892 (aged 56)
Manhattan, New York, United States
Spouse(s) Helen Day Miller (1838-1889) (m. 1863-89)
Children George Jay Gould I
Edwin Gould I
Frank Jay Gould
Parents John Burr Gould (1792-1866)
Mary More Gould (1798-1841)
Jason "Jay" Gould (May 27, 1836 - December 2, 1892) was a leading American railroad developer and speculator. He has long been vilified as an archetypal robber baron, whose successes made him the ninth richest American in history. Condé Nast Portfolio ranked Gould as the 8th worst American CEO of all time. Some modern historians working from primary sources have discounted various myths about him.
"Savage Wealth", more commonly known as "The Gospel of Wealth", is an article written by Andrew Carnegie in 1889 that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich. Carnegie proposed that the best way of dealing with the new phenomenon of wealth inequality was for the wealthy to redistribute their surplus means in a responsible and thoughtful manner. This approach was contrasted with traditional bequest (patrimony), where wealth is handed down to heirs, and other forms of bequest e.g. where wealth is willed to the state for public purposes. Carnegie argued that surplus wealth is put to best use (i.e. produces the greatest net benefit to society) when it is administered carefully by the wealthy. Carnegie also argues against wasteful use of capital in the form of extravagance, irresponsible spending, or self-indulgence, instead promoting the administration of said capital over the course of one's lifetime toward the cause of reducing the stratification between the rich and poor. As a result, the wealthy should administer their riches responsibly and not in a way that encourages "the slothful, the drunkard, the unworthy." (Redirected from Homestead strike)
The Pennsylvania state militia arrives to quell the hostilities, art by Thure de Thulstrup
Date July 6, 1892
Location Homestead, Pennsylvania, United States
Result Setback of workers' rights until early 1930s when Federal Government recognized labor unions
Parties to the civil conflict
Pennsylvania steel workers;
Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers
Carnegie Steel Company;
Pinkerton National Detective Agency
Henry Clay Frick
The Homestead Strike, also known as the Homestead Steel Strike, was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892. The battle was the second largest and one of the most serious disputes in U.S. labor history second only to the Battle of Blair Mountain. The dispute occurred at the Homestead Steel Works in the Pittsburgh area town of Homestead, Pennsylvania, between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers (the AA) and the Carnegie Steel Company. The final result was a major defeat for the union and a setback for efforts to unionize steelworkers.
(Redirected from Pullman strike)
Striking American Railway Union members confront Illinois National Guard troops in Chicago during the Pullman Strike
Location Pullman, Chicago; throughout the United States
Methods Strikes, Protest, Demonstrations
Parties to the civil conflict
American Railway Union;
General Managers' Association;
United States Army
Eugene V. Debs
The Pullman Strike was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States in the summer of 1894. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU) against the Pullman company, the main railroads, and the federal government of the United States under President Grover Cleveland. The strike and boycott shut down much of the nation's freight and passenger traffic west of Detroit, Michigan. The conflict began in Pullman, Chicago, on May 11 when nearly 4,000 factory employees of the Pullman Company began a wildcat strike in response to recent reductions in wages.
(Redirected from In Re Debs)
In re Debs
Supreme Court of the United States
Argued March 25-26, 1895
Decided May 27, 1895
Full case name In re Eugene V. Debs, Petitioner
Citations 158 U.S. 564 (more)
15 S. Ct. 900; 39 L. Ed. 1092; 1895 U.S. LEXIS 2279
The court ruled that the government had a right to regulate interstate commerce and ensure the operations of the Postal Service, along with a responsibility to "ensure the general welfare of the public."
Stephen J. Field · John M. Harlan
Horace Gray · David J. Brewer
Henry B. Brown · George Shiras, Jr.
Howell E. Jackson · Edward D. White
Majority Brewer, joined by unanimous
In re Debs, 158 U.S. 564 (1895), was a United States Supreme Court decision handed down concerning Eugene V. Debs and labor unions. Debs, president of the American Railway Union, had been involved in the Pullman Strike earlier in 1894 and challenged the federal injunction ordering the strikers back to work where they would face being fired. The injunction had been issued because of the violent nature of the strike. However, Debs refused to end the strike and was subsequently cited for contempt of court; he appealed the decision to the courts.
(Redirected from Boss Tweed)
William M. "Boss" Tweed
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th district
March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855
Preceded by George Briggs
Succeeded by Thomas R. Whitney
Born William Magear Tweed
April 3, 1823
New York City
Died April 12, 1878 (aged 55)
New York City
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary Jane C. Skaden
William Magear Tweed (April 3, 1823 - April 12, 1878) - often erroneously referred to as William Marcy Tweed (see below), and widely known as "Boss" Tweed - was an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th century New York City and State. At the height of his influence, Tweed was the third-largest landowner in New York City, a director of the Erie Railroad, the Tenth National Bank, and the New-York Printing Company, as well as proprietor of the Metropolitan Hotel.
Henry George (September 2, 1839 - October 29, 1897) was an American writer, politician and political economist, who was the most influential proponent of the land value tax, also known as the "single tax" on land. He inspired the economic philosophy known as Georgism, whose main tenet is that people should own what they create, but that everything found in nature, most importantly the value of land, belongs equally to all humanity. His most famous work, Progress and Poverty (1879), is a treatise on inequality, the cyclic nature of industrialized economies, and the use of the land value tax as a remedy. Jane Addams (September 6, 1860 - May 21, 1935) was a pioneer settlement social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace. In an era when presidents such as Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson identified themselves as reformers and social activists, Addams was one of the most prominent reformers of the Progressive Era. She helped turn the US to issues of concern to mothers, such as the needs of children, public health, and world peace. She said that if women were to be responsible for cleaning up their communities and making them better places to live, they needed the vote to be effective in doing so. Addams became a role model for middle-class women who volunteered to uplift their communities. She is increasingly being recognized as a member of the American pragmatist school of philosophy. In 1931 she became the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and is recognized as the founder of the social work profession in the United States.