Upgrade to remove ads
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Terms in this set (23)
Other names for Calvin Cycle
C3 cycle and Dark reactions
the process of transforming light energy into chemical energy specific to plants
the conversation of energy stored in glucose molecules, CO2,and O into energy cells can use
general term for two types of anaerobic respiration
6 CO2 + 6 H2O -> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
6 O2 + C6H1206 -> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O +energy
Why are thylakoid membranes stacked?
it increases the surface area to allow the most light absorbed
Relationship between stomates and transpiration
Both get water out of the leaf, releases water vapor, guard cells open stomatas and they regulate the gas and water vapor exchange.
Lactic Acid and Alcoholic Fermentation products and reactants
Reactants: Pyruvic acid and NADH
LA products: LA and NAD+
A products: A and CO2 and NAD+
What is the Krebs Cycle? Alternative name?
biochemical pathway of aerobic respiration in mitochondria, makes CO2 and ATP, an alternative name is citric acid cycle
Function of C4 and CAM in plants?
C4- uses CO2 more effienctly by fixing carbons faster than C3, allows plants to grow in higher temperatures, CAM allows plants to grow in higher temperatures
Light and Dark Reaction steps, what is react-ed and what is produced
-sunlight is trapped, oxygen is released & makes ATP & a hydrogen-carrier molecule (NADPH)
-in chloroplast, thylakoid membranes
-starts: sun & H20 (NADP+ & ADP), products: oxygen (NADPH & ATP)
-ATP, NADPH react with CO2 to make glucose
-in chloroplast, stroma
-starts: C02 (NADPH & ATP), products: glucose (NADP+ & ADP)
Aerobic and Anaerobic respiration
aerobic- cellular respiration with oxygen, in mitochondria; anaerobic- cellular respiration that doesn't use oxygen, lactic acid and alcoholic respiration
Part of the Leaf (know diagram and what each part does)
xylem: a vein, transports water and minerals, larger than phloem
phloem: a vein, transports food, carbs, and amino acids
mesophyll: cells between upper & lower epidermis, primary site of photosynthesis
palisade layer: layer of mesophyll, hard, top layer
spongy layer: layer of mesophyll, soft, bottom layer
epidermes: upper and lower, closely packed cells, no spaces
cuticle: upper and lower, outer waxy cover, water-repellent
guard cells: a pair surrounds stomata, regulates opening
stomata: openings that open and close, gases move in and out
evaporation of water from the leaf
What is a pigment?
a light absorbing molecule
Know types of pigments (light absorbed and reflected)
Chlorophyll- primary pigment, absorbs red and blue, selects green, 5 types- a,b,c,d and bacteriochlorophyll
Accessory pigments- trap wavelengths not absorbed by chlorophyll, then give the energy to chlorophyll for phtosynthesis
Carotenoids- reflect yellow, orange, and brown
Xanthrophils- reflect yellow
Phycobilins- absorb (or reflect?) green, violent, and blue
Stomates and guard cells in different environments (reactions)
Stomates and guard cells open in the day and close at night, opposite in desert, because it's hotter, and would wilt, closes when very hot
What cause a leaf to wilt?
stomates open for gas exchange but lose water, and the rate of transpiration is greater than the uptake of water
What is a stroma?
surrounds thylakoids in liquid solution, where dark reactions occur, in mitochondria
Where does aerobic respiration take place?
More leaf parts because you're failing!
thylakoids: flattened stacks, has pigments and enzymes for light reactions
grana: stacks of thylakoids
stroma: surrounds thylakoids in liquid solution, where dark reactions are
chlorophyll: green pigment
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Advanced Biology Photosynthesis/Respiration
Photosynthesis & Respiration Adv. Bio
Photosynthesis & Respiration
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Quizlet
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Anatomy Quiz 1
Roman Poetry Terms
Morality Final- Greene