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Energy of Biology Vocabulary
Terms in this set (20)
the energy stored in a body or in a system due to its position or due to its configuration.
the energy which an object possesses due to its motion.
is a chemical reaction in which energy is released.
is a chemical reaction in which energy is absorbed.
the sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its material substance is produced, maintained, and destroyed, and by which energy is made available.
constructive metabolism; the synthesis, in living organisms, of more complex substances from simpler ones.
Destructive metabolism; the production, in living organisms, of less complex substances from more complex ones.
molecules that are composed of at least 2 carbon atoms arranged in rings or long chains.
Any large molecule composed of hundreds or thousands of atoms.
A process that synthesizes glucose from carbon dioxide, water, using sunlight as the source of energy and with the aid of chlorophyll.
An organelle containing chlorophyll and other pigments, occurring in plants and algae that carry out photosynthesis.
the green pigment molecule of plants and photosynthetic algae and bacteria that traps the energy of sunlight for photosynthesis.
light dependent reaction
A reaction that uses Light energy to split water to produce Oxygen and ATP.
light independent reaction
A reaction that uses ATP and CO2 to produce Glucose. (AKA the Calvin cycle)
serves as a source of chemical energy for all cellular reactions
the chemical process in an organism by which oxygen and glucose is used to produce carbon dioxide, water and energy in the form of ATP.
an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy (ATP) production.
An organism requiring the presence of air or free oxygen for life.
An organism living in the absence of air or free oxygen.
A substance or substances of which any physical object consists or is composed.
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