ACU MFT Fam. Therapy IFS ppt. class notes

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Internal Family Systems

Fam. Therapy has lacked psychic map of mind
Go with clients on a journey into their psychic mind.
Schwartz exercise of person next to you. One of you is A and one is B. B has an unnoticeable, but painful bone bruise on your arm that is very sensitive and painful. A asks to tap on your arm. A doesn't see wound/bruise on arm, so A doesn't understand why you react the way you do and are so sensitive to just a little tap. B can't imagine how A can be so insensitive to stand there and continually tap their wound/bruise so powerfully.

Internal Family Systems

All parts are good but sometimes forced into destructive roles
Many protectors can't change until the parts that they protect are more vulnerable
Parts are frozen in time-stuck in past scenes of trauma-abuse

SELF

is right below surface of Parts

Mindfulness:

Calm, compassion, curiosity, confidence, courage, clarity, creativity, connectedness

2 kinds of parts

Protectors
Exiles
We ask for permission from the protectors before working with the Exiles.

Internal Family Systems
Collaboration

When a client's Self is in the lead she/he will be able to discover from the parts why they do the extreme things and what needs to change internally
Therapist may take a leadership role initially
Solicits, respects, partner
Responsibility is shared b/w client and therapist

Your parts

Most effective therapists are those that know their internal families
What have you noticed about your parts this past week?

Entering safely

Goal: get a sense of the inner world you and the client are entering

Questions:

How does the client feel toward the part?
Why does the client think the part does what it does?
How often does the client hear from the part?
How much influence does the part yield?
How would the client like the relationship with the part to change?
Monitor when, where, by whom the part is activated.
How is the client affected when the part is activated?
How well can the client calm or separate from the part?
Can be asked from client to part or about relationship between parts

Blending

The erasing of the boundary between the part and other parts or the Self
Blending is the main thing managers and firefighters fear
Self can become overwhelmed, stop leading, become more vulnerable
Exiles may idealize an external person, rush into relationships, continue to be hurt or rejected
Release of rage

Unburdening

Extreme ideas or feelings that govern the parts' existence
Can be unloaded because they are not intrinsic to parts, they came from the outside
Self must ask the part to find where the burden is located in or on the part
Self asks the part to take off the burden and do with it whatever feels correct. ie. Schwartz video where Vet took off uniform and took it to a sacred Indian site in a canyon in southern Utah.

Results

Exiles have been retrieved, integrated back into family.
They are reunited with rest of the internal family
Managers and firefighters will see the exiles have changed; not to be feared or protected any longer.

Methods of inner work

In-sight
Focusing internally on a world that already exists
"keen understanding" of the parts
Identify many parts, differentiate the Self from them
Self can act as therapist to parts
Direct access
Talking to parts directly
Useful for those that have difficulty experiencing inner vision or visualizing parts.
Personal relationship b/w part and therapist. Gaining trust.

In-sight

Focusing internally on a world that already exists
"keen understanding" of the parts
Identify many parts, differentiate the Self from them
Self can act as therapist to parts
Focus on a part
Establish relationship with Part or manager. Strong relationship of trust.
Begin with managers first

The room technique

Therapist must form a personal relationship with the part first, before dealing with polarization
Putting the part in a room and looking at it through a window, begin further differentiating the Self from the other parts. Doesn't have to be a room, (if client can't grasp visual of room, could be due to trauma that happened in a room or closet). Can be a field, tank, desert, frozen tundra, etc. as long as there is some distance/separation.
How does the client feel toward the part in the room as the client looks at it through the window?
This is the key indication of differentiation

In-sight continued

Client is asked to enter the room, approach the part, and interact with it
Is the Self blending?
Questions:
Why are you doing or saying ____?
What is it that you really want for ___?
What are you afraid will happen if you stopped doing or saying ___?
If ___ were able to keep ___ from happening, so you could do anything you wanted in the system, what would you want to do?
Would you like for us to help you get into that new role?

Direct access

Always end with the Self in the lead/in control.
Talking to parts directly
Useful for those that have difficulty experiencing inner vision or visualizing parts.
Personal relationship b/w part and therapist. Gaining trust.
Therapist as Self
Parts may try to provoke the therapist
Used in conjunction with In-sight
Therapist can see the relationship between inner personalities
Focus on the part, ask whether it would be willing to speak directly to the therapist

Direct access continued

Questions s/b relational, encourage differentiation
What is it that you say or do to ___?
What do you make ___ do or think?
How do you feel toward ___?
How do you think ___ feels toward you?
Why do you do or say that to ___?
Thank the part, ask for Self
Dialogue is also possible between Self and a part. Using the empty chair method of pretending that Part is in that chair and the Self is talking to that Part.

1st and 2nd order change

1st order change is recognition of parts, how they interact and the impact that it has on the person/client
2nd order change is when the Self takes control and takes the lead.

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