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Hist 100 final exam
Terms in this set (12)
What:A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere
Why: Intention to protect the western hemisphere
Who: James Monroe, America,
Indian Removal Act
What: law passed in 1830 that forced many Native American nations to move west of the Mississippi River
Why:Free up more land for white settlers
Who: Native americans
What: a time of profound changes in agriculture, industry, and technology
Why: needed workers
What: Founded in 1826, the movement promoted adult public education through lectures and performances.
When: 1820s-early 1900s
Where: America, starts in Massachusetts
Why: Gave normal people the ability to speak in free lectures
2nd great awakening
What: Series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and baptism, stressed philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for protestants. Attracted women, African Americans,and Native Americans
When: 1820's- 1840's
Why:it led to the establishment of reform movements to address injustices and alleviate suffering such as the Temperance Movement, the Women's suffrage Movement and the Abolitionist Movement in which people advocated for emancipation on religious grounds.
Who: abolitionists, women
What: private schools that began providing an advanced education to teenage girls in the late 1700s. a dozen or so female academies were formed in the 1790s, and by 1830 there were almost 200 such schools. the girls at these academies were primarily daughters of elite families and received instruction in ornamental arts (drawing, needlework, music, dancing) as well as in academic subjects such as English grammar, literature, history, geography, and the natural sciences
When: 1790, 1830
Where: on east coast
Why: provided career opportunities for women
Who: higher class white women
What:(1846-1848) The war between the United States and Mexico in which the United States acquired one half of the Mexican territory.
Why: the end of this war encourages the civil war
Where: mexico Texas border
Who: Mexicans and Americans
American expedition to japan
What: America visits japan to build relations and to show off
Why: japan was growing and the us wanted to strengthen relations and intimidate japan a bit
Who: Japanese and Americans
Dred Scott Case
What: March 6, 1857 Dred Scott was a slave who, after the death of his master, tried to buy his freedom. But was denied.He filed suit stating that since he had lived in the Ill. & Wisc. Territories, he was free. State Supreme Court ruled against. They ruled that since Dred Scott was a slave, he had no legal citizenship & therefore could not file suit.
Where: Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin
Why: affirming the right of slave owners to take their slaves into the Western territories, there by negating the doctrine of popular sovereignty and severely undermining the platform of the newly created Republican Party.
Who: Dred Scott, supreme court
John Brown and Bleeding Kansas
What: A white man from Kansas who was an abolitionist and fought against slavery. In the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre they seized 5 pro-slavery people and hacked them to death on the night of May 24.
Why: JB believed that slaves should be free based on his religios beliefs and he used violent agency to try to help slaves
When: 1800- 1859
Who: John Brown,
What:Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
Where: south Carolina
Why: this is the start of the civil war
Who: confederate army
What: (1864-1865) Union General William Tecmseh Sherman's destructive March through Georgia. An early instance of "Total war", puposely targeting infrastucture and civialian property to diminish moral and undercut the confederate war effort.
Why:end of the civil war
Where: starts in Georgia
Who: union army
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