Extra Film Aesthetics
Terms in this set (118)
3 Myth of Entertainment Categories
Myth of Spontaneity
Myth of Integration
Myth of Audience
3 types of claims
4 Theoretical Frames
30 degree rule
a cinematography and editing rule that specifies that a shot should only be followed by another shot taken from a position greater than 30 degrees from that of the first
an aspect ratio of screen width to height of 1.37:1, the standard adopted by the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences
Re-recording of dialogue after production aka looping
auteurist film theory
A theory that studies film authors, approaching cinema as an art presupposes the existence of one or more authors.
axis of action (180 degree rule)
States that two characters in the same scene should always have the same left/right relationship to each other.
Mulvey's male gaze
-default in classical Hollywood cinema
-seems almost normal, invisible, the default
- bearer of the look vs. to-be-looked-at-ness
exaggerated, affected, theatrical
connects cause to effect
Perfection, intellectualized slapstick, commentary on society, total control
French film theorist; best known for pioneering the application of Ferdinand de Saussure's theories of semiology to film.
Cinema of Attractions
Movies that appeal through spectacle and imagery rather than narrative. Associated especially with the short films produced in the early days of cinema.
a style of filmmaking characterized by realistic, typically documentary motion pictures that avoid artificiality and artistic effect and are generally made with simple equipment.
Classical Hollywood Film Score
Tells film story and engages audience through music
Expresses and evokes response
Positive and Negative associations
Any noticeable but unintended discrepancy from one shot to the next in costume, props, hairstyle, posture, etc.
A shot other than, but related to, the main action.
deep focus cinematography
using a short-focal length lens, keeps all three planes in sharp focus
a line of dialogue that continues across a cut that falls within a scene
The total world of a story—the events, characters, objects, settings, and sounds that form the world in which the story occurs.
to speak directly; to remove any separation between speaker and audience
Sound that is transmitted directly from a sound source to the ears.
direction of lighting
Backlighting, frontal lighting, under lighting
the addition of sound after the visuals have been photographed
carried the motion picture into the new era with his silent epics (The Birth of a Nation, Intolerance, etc.) which introduced serious plots and elaborate productions to filmmaking. Motion pictures were the first truly mass entertainment medium.
a Soviet pioneer documentary film and newsreel director, as well as a cinema theorist.
Editing (In Filmmaking)
the task of selecting and joining camera takes
the part of the superego that consists of standards of what one would like to be
a paraphilia in which a nonhuman object is the preferred or exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement
lighting used to accentuate
a pan, tilt, or tracking shot that follows a moving individual or object
In staging, the positioning of figures so that they face the viewer.
Used camera subjectively to tell the story
used films for fantasy, to tell a story
opposite of graphic match
A style of editing creating formal patterns of shapes, masses, colors, lines, and lighting patterns through links between shots.
cinematographer for "Citizen Kane", used 'Deep focus' cinematography, foreground and background both in sharp focus using multiple shots
Handheld camera movement
the camera is handheld, as opposed to fixed to a dolly or crane, the effect gives the shot a gritty, lifelike feel
hard vs. soft light
Shadows vs None
Hong Kong New Wave
A movement in Chinese cinema led by producer-director Tsui Hark, which introduced sophisticated style, lucrative production methods, and a canny use of Western elements to the genre.
ideology of film
Reflect social need of individual, group, or class
the artistic skill or trick of making something look real
impossible continuous action
Sequence of action cannot realistically occur as shown through cutting. Often time this is due to change in setting or screen direction
combination of indie film and Hollywood in terms of aesthetics, genres, themes, talent, budget, and audience
Comedy with a social commentary/ thought behind it
A narrative, visual, or sound element that refers viewers to other films or works of art.
mostly associated with silent film, images that present printed information or dialogue about the images before or after the intertitle
French New Wave
Major influence on other directors with fantasy, tricking the audience
Kino eye (theory)
Camera is an instrument that explores real life
Laura Mulvey - Male Gaze
From the POV of men looking at a woman e.g. "lingering" on her curves
highlight/ emphasizes actor
use of shadow vs light
can highlight male gaze
Multiple light sources with different temperatures
invented the art of screen acting
French inventors and pioneer manufacturers of photographic equipment who devised an early motion-picture camera and projector called the Cinématographe
describes the way in which women become objects of sexual objects in films and other media; to look at and judge someone's appearance is active, and therefore masculine, but to be the object of that gaze and judgement is passive, and therefore feminine
German actress known for her androgynous look
Often broke queer theory
United States film actress noted for sex appeal (1926-1962)
American avant-garde filmmaker/theorist; directed "Meshes of the Afternoon"; wrote "Cinematography: Creative Use of Reality"
Film about film making
Mis en abyme
the phenomenon of seeing infinite reproduction of an image as though it were placed between two mirrors. In Western Art, mis en abyme is a formal technique in which an image contains a smaller copy of itself, the sequence appearing to recur infinitely.
a series of related scenes joined through elliptical editing that indicates the passage of time
Myth of Entertainment (Feuer)
Overall myth theory applied to musicals, has three subcategories
Musical film genre
songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative, sometimes accompanied by dancing
a speaker or character who tells a story
New American Cinema
began in 1965 and continues to 1995 and features more violence and sex with complex plots and new storytelling techniques
New Queer Cinema
Movement of independent filmmaking that arose in the 1990's that makes use of the concepts drawn from queer activism and queer theory
Implementation of past or future events, not in chronological order
an actor, director, writer and created one of the most renowned radio broadcasts-War of the Worlds. "Citizen Kane"
Cuts that repeat part or all of an action, thus expanding its viewing time and plot duration.
a dramatic, musical, or literary work made up of bits and pieces from other sources; a hodgepodge
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses
Patriarchy (feminist theory)
A Sense making system
Set up a reasoning as to why
Medium long shot depicting human characters.
Plot vs. Story
Story is what happens; Plot is how it happens
The addition of sound to images after they have been shot and edited.
Production Code Administration
Created in 1934, set of rules that control the content of the movie, lasted until 1968 when it was replaced by rating system
psychoanalytic film theory
A model of film theory that examines the unconscious, sometimes irrational, emotional, and psychological relationship between viewers and films or between characters within films.
punctuation shot change
signals that sometime has been omitted. used with a dissolve, wipe or fade
social theory about gender and sexual identity; emphasizes the importance of difference and rejects ideas of innate identities or restrictive categories
A technique for combining a foreground action with a background action filmed earlier. The foreground is filmed in a studio, against a screen; the background imagery is projected from behind the screen.
musically heightened speech, often used in an opera, oratorio, or cantata to report dramatic action and advance the plot
restricted vs. unrestricted narration
restricted narration limits our range of knowledge while unrestricted narration opens it up
rhythm in film sound
how the music beats and enhances the film
prominent, well-loved American actor; never publically acknowledged his sexuality, but died of AIDS in 1985; was one of the first public figures to be diagnosed with the disease and his death signaled a large turn in public knowledge of the disease
self- reflexive musical
musical that calls attention to itself and its own making
The pleasure that comes from the process of looking.
Something in the middleground is in focus.
Russian film maker who pioneered the use of montage and is considered among the most influential film makers in the history of motion pictures (1898-1948)
shock cut (smash cut)
A jarring transition between two actions occurring at different times or places.
when a diegetic sound identifiable from an earlier part of the story is heard during a later scene, often conveying a memory
all aural effects to create meaning and affect emotional impact of the visual elements of film
sound bridge/overlapping sound
Sound that carries over from one shot to the next before the sound of the second shot begins.
audio effects other than music or speech that are enhanced or artificially created and added in postproduction
any sound that is not represented as coming from the space and time of the images on the screen
the process by which all the elements of the soundtrack, including music, effects, and dialogue, are combined and adjusted after the image; also called re-recording
An alternative to continuity editing, this style of editing was developed in silent Soviet cinema, based on the theory that editing should exploit the difference between shots to generate intellectual and emotional responses in the audience.
United States filmmaker whose works explore the richness of Black culture in America, directed She's Gotta Have It, Malcolm X, Get on the Bus, Bamboozled, and Do the Right Thing
the film studios' use of stars' popularity to promote their movies
when major studios controlled all aspects of the movie industry
An artistic movement that displayed vivid dream worlds and fantastic unreal images
surprise vs suspense
unexpected vs state of anxiousness, build up
the exposure of more than one image on the same film strip or in the same shot
Supra-Diegetic Music (Altman)
music shown from coming on screen
a process of color cinematography using synchronized monochrome films, each of a different color, to produce a movie in color.
a camera lens that produces a large image of distant or small objects
the roll of credits at the beginning of a film.
Tradition of Quality
Older french movies all made based on historical writings and events. Quality movies come from quality stories.
character is dreaming and camera shows the dream
movement of camera in any way
the combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.
wide angle lens
A lens of short focal length that affects a scene's perspective by distorting straight lines near the edges of the frame and by exaggerating the distance between foreground and background planes.