Type of RNA that encodes information for the synthesis of proteins and carries it to a ribosome from the nucleus Single Stranded, has ribose as a sugar Contains the nucleotides: A, G, C, U (uracil) Uracil replaces Thymine Complementary binding
DNA is double stranded. Nucleotides: A, T, G, C Contains a phosphate and deoxyribose sugar on the sides. DNA is double stranded. Nucleotides: A, T, G, C Contains a phosphate and deoxyribose sugar on the sides.
Happens in two main steps Transcription Translation Starts in the nucleus and finishes in the cytoplasm of a cell
First step of protein synthesis DNA is "unzipped" by RNA polymerase (an enzyme) Nucleotides that are floating in the nucleus match up complementary to the nucleotides on DNA Begin to form Messenger RNA