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Politics of the United States
Terms in this set (20)
What constitution organized the first national government of the United States
Articles of Confederation
Why did the articles of confederation limit powers given to the Confederation Congress?
To Prevent a strong national government by keeping power in the state governments
What law created a plan for dividing and selling land in the Northwest territory?
Land Ordinance of 1785
What were the two land divisions created by the land ordinance of 1785?
Townships and sections
What law organized government for the Northwest Territory and created a plan for territories to become states?
What problems did the U.S. have during Confederation years?
it lacked the power to tax and regulate money
Why was the Confederation Congress unable to solve economic problems such as the Revolutionary War debt, inflation, and an economic depression?
Economic depression, inflation, and inability to regulate trade
What event in Massachusetts convinced people the confederation government was too weak and needed to be changed?
What was the name of the May 1787 meeting held in Philadelphia to make changes to the articles of confederation that resulted in a new constitution being written?
Who was the leader at the Constitutional Convention?
Who was known as the "Father of the U.S. Constitution" because his ideas of government were incorporated into the constitution and he took notes at the Convention?
Why did the New Jersey plan favor small states?
Each state would have one vote in the national legislature
Why did the Virginia plan favor Large states?
Population would decide
What Compromise at the constitutional convention resulted in Congress having a Senate with each state having two members and a House of Representatives based on population?
What was the dispute between North and South about counting slaves for representation in Congress?
Southerners wanted slaves to be counted as population and northerners did not
What fraction compromise at the constitutional convention solved the issue of counting slaves for representation in Congress?
What compromise at the Constitutional convention was made regarding importing new slaves?
Slave importation would be allowed for twenty years.
Why were some people , known as anti-federalists , against the new constitution?
The constitution was too strong and lacked protection for individual rights.
What compromise was made to convince people who were against the constitution to accept it?
Promise to add a bill of rights.
How were John Locke's enlightenment ideas of protecting people's natural rights incorporated into the Constitution?
The Constitution specified and divided the government's power.
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