Chapter 11 Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific
Terms in this set (20)
Great Barrier Reef
influences Australia's climate by interrupting westward- flowing ocean currents
hawaain islands associated with ________
hot spots(hot magma breaches crust in tall plumes)
volcanoes that rise into mountainous, rocky formation
low-lying island formed by reefs that built up from rim of submerged volcano
coral platforms on top of submerged volcanoes
mild climates year round
polynesian group indigenous to New Zealand
-noticed long white cloud above north island
powerful W to E air and ocean currents around S. Hemisphere unimpeded by landmasses.
shifts in circulation of air and water in pacific that occurs irregularly every 2-7 years- not well understood.
Mammals that give birth at immature stage and nurture them in pouch (e.g., kangaroos, wombats, koalas, and bandicoots).
Egg laying mammals
• UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, implemented in 1994)
established rules governing uses of world's oceans and seas - ratified by 157 countries (not by the U.S.).
• Treaty allows islands to claim rights to ocean resources 200 mi (320 km) from shores.
islands inside triangle formed by New Zealand, Hawaii and Easter Island
ancient sailors navigate using...
seasonal winds, astronomic calculations, bird and aquatic life, and wave patterns to islands Pacific
based on migration, remittances, aid, and bureaucracy
MIRAB economy low potential for growth, but Islanders self-sufficient while saving cash
decrease tourism's impact and minimize disparities between hosts and visitors
settling issues based on traditional culture of Pacific Islanders
-favors consensus and mutual understanding over confrontation, respect for traditional leadership, over free speech and other political freedoms.
words borrowed from several languages by people in trading relationships.
emotional and physical dance traditionally performed by Maori to motive fellow leaders and intimidate opponents before entering battle.