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Glycolysis

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Hexokinase
What is the enzyme that turns Glucose into Glucose 6 Phosphate?
Phosphoglucose Isomerase
What enzyme turns Glucose 6 phosphate into Fructose 6 Phosphate?
Phosphofructokinase
What enzyme turns Fructose 6 Phosphate to Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate?
Glucose to Glucose 6 Phosphate
From what molecule to what molecule is the FIRST ATP required for during the first 1/2 of glycolysis?
Fructose 6 Phosphate to Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate
From what molecule to what molecule is the SECOND ATP required for during the first 1/2 of glycolysis?
Adding a phosphate
What is Hexokinase doing to Glucose?
Changing from Keytone to Aldehyde
What is Phosphoglucose Isomerase doing to Glucose 6 Phosphate?
Adding the 2nd Phosphate
What is Phosphofructokinase doing to Fructose 6 Phosphate?
Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate (DHAP)
What is the keytone portion that Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate is broken into?
Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate
What is the Aldehyde portion that Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate is broken into?
Aldolase
What is the enzyme that breaks Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate into the keytone and Aldehyde?
Triose Phosphate Isomerase
What is the enzyme that converts Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate (K) to Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate (A)?
Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate Dehydrogenase
What is the enzyme that converts Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate to 1,3 Bisphosphoglycerate?
Removes a Hydrogen and attaches a phosphate (Oxidizes it)
What does Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate Dehydrogenase do to Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate?
NADH
What is the secondary product of Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate Dehydrogenase?
Phosphoglycerate Kinase
What is the enzyme that converts 1,3 Bisphosphoglycerate to 3 Phosphoglycerate?
Removes a Phosphate
What does Phosphoglycerate do to 1,3 Bisphosphoglycerate?
ATP
What is the Secondary product of Phosphoglycerate Kinase?
Phosphoglycerate Mutase
What enzyme converts 3 Phosphoglycerate to 2 Phosphoglycerate?
Moving the phosphate to the middle carbon
What is Phosphoglycerate Mutase doing to 3 Phosphoglycerate?
Enolase
What enzyme converts 2 Phosphoglycerate to Phosphoenolpyruvate?
Removal of H2O
What is happening to 2 Phosphogycerate by way of Enolase?
Phosphoenolpyruvate
What is the most energy rich molecule we have studied thus far?
Pyruvate Kinase
What enzyme converts Phosphoenolpyruvate to Pyruvate?
ATP
What is the secondary product of Pyruvate Kinase?
Removal of a Phosphate
What is happening to Phosphoenolpyruvate by way of Pyruvate Kinase?
Lactate
What does the reduction of Pyruvate give us?
Pyruvate
What does the Oxidation of Lactate give us?
Lactate Dehydrogenase
What is the enzyme that allows us to jump back and forth between Pyruvate and Lactate?
The more reduced Molecule that will be oxidized (named after the molecule with H's that we are getting ready to take away)
What are Dehydrogenases named after?
Start with Glucose
Add Phosphate (Lose ATP)
Rearrange
Add Phosphate (Lose ATP)
What is the general order of things that happen during the 1st half of Glycolysis?
Break Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate
Add Phosphate (Gain NADH)
Remove Phosphate (Gain ATP)
Rearrange
Remove H2O
Remove Phosphate (Gain ATP)
What is the general order of things that happen during the 2nd half of Glycolysis?