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10.3

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parish priest
usually of peasant origin, had little formal education; served the smallest division of the church (the parish)
sacraments
special ceremonies at which the participants received the grace of God to help them overcome the consequences of sin
bishop
managed a diocese, made up of a number of parishes
archbishop
managed an archdiocese and had all of the powers of a bishop (on larger scale)
curia
a group of counselors that advises the pope on legal and spiritual matters
medieval church
1. secular clergy- priests, bishop, pope; lived among ordinary people
2. regular clergy- monastics (monks and nuns); strict rules
monasticism
the way of life in monasteries and convents
abbot
elected head of the Benedictine community; controlled and distributed all property
Christianity in Ireland and England
Ireland: arrived in the 400s; St. Patrick's missionary work
England: arrived in 597; St. Augustine's missionary work
Political role of Church
Popes had power over all monarchies (or at least claimed)
Canon law
Church's code of law
interdict
closed all churches of a certain region
tithe
a tribute to the church; 1/10th of a person's income
Simony
a bribe to be put in a high position in the church
heresy
the crime of holding a belief that goes against established doctrine
Inquisition
a search of heretics to eliminate heresy by the Church