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Terms in this set (37)
immigrants who had come to the US before the 1880s from Britain, Germany, Ireland, and Scandenavia, or Northern Europe
Immigrants who came to the United States during and after the 1880s; most were from southern and eastern Europe. Many different cultural and religious background. Eager for the job opportunities created by the industrial boom of the late 1800s. Ships
an area below deck near the rudder; itckets in steerage were the cheapest on the ship; hot, smelly, cramped
Places where immigrants were screened and allowed to enter the U.S.
An immigrant receiving station that opened in 1892, where immigrants were given a medical examination and only allowed in if they were healthy.
The immigration station on the west coast where Asian immigrants, mostly Chinese gained admission to the U.S. at San Francisco Bay. Between 1910 and 1940 50k Chinese immigrants entered through Angel Island. Questioning and conditions at Angel Island were much harsher than Ellis Island in New York.
Immigration Center at El Paso, Texas
Adjusting to a New Life
Find new homes and jobs; learn new language and get used to new customs
Immigrants from the same area would live in the same neighborhoods. They could speak their native tongue, and eat native foods.
Children learned American customs more quickly than their parents
Religious and nonreligious organizations in neighborhoods that formed to help immigrants in sickness, unemployment, and death that only a few federal agencies provided
Crowded apartment buildings with poor standards of sanitation, safety, and comfort.
Growth of Urban Areas
Craftsmen and guilds arrived in cities to add to the economy. Reach of laws extended past the cities. Regulated migration to and from the city.
Cities expanded upward as well as outward. Buildings get taller and taller. First tall building was 10 story Home Insurance Company Building. Made possible because of invention of elevator and central steam-heating system.
Louis H. Sullivan
solution to an urban problem; methods of moving large numbers of people. Ex: horse car; elevated railway; trolley car; subway
Residential areas surrounding a city. Shops and businesses moved to suburbia as well as people.
An aspect of the later Industrial Revolution; decreased time at work and offered opportunities for new forms of leisure time, such as vacation trips and team sports.
He used yellow journalism in competition with Hearst to sell more newspapers Designed the modern newspaper format (factual articles in one section, editorial and opinion articles in another section)., creator of the "New York World;"cut the prices so people could afford it; featured color comics and yellow journalism
William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper publisher who adopted a sensationalist style. His reporting was partly responsible for igniting the Spanish-American War., A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."
Larger stores that started in the 1920's that are organized into many separate departments and offer many product lines
huge international exhibition of culture and industry; a gathering
New York Island, contained amusement parks and served as center of entertainment, Created as a way for working-class people to temporarily escape the hardships of the working
Fredrick Law Olmsted
leader of the "City Beautiful" movement and designed central park and prospect park
A Danish immigrant, he became a reporter who pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived during the late 1800s. He wrote How The Other Half Lives in 1890.
overcrowding, unsafe building, unsanitary conditions, scarce running water, poor ventilation, diseases, high child death rates, fire, crime
An Almost Solution
full time firefighters and police officers, new sewage and purification systems improved city sanitation and air pollution
Charity Organization Society
Poverty, Reform, and Class Conflict in the Progressive City
a welfare agency for needy families, combated juvenile delinquency, and assisted recent immigrants in learning the English language and in becoming citizens. Jane Addams of the Hull House Settlement in Chicago
Ellen Gates Starr
, Social reformer who worked to improve the lives of the working class. In 1889 she founded
in Chicago, the first private social welfare agency in the U.S., to assist the poor, combat juvenile delinquency and help immigrants learn to speak English.
A lifelong battler for the welfare of women, children, blacks, and consumers. Served as a general secretary of the National Consumers League. Led the women of Hull House into a successful lobby in 1893 for an Illinois antisweatshop law that protected women workers and prohibited child labor. A leader in women's activism and social reform.
Immigrants move into rural areas because it was much like their old life
Places where workers labored long hours under poor conditions for low wages
immigrants with skills
worked as bakers, carpenters, masons, or skilled machinists, laundries, barbershops, and street vending carts
liked immigration because willing to work for low pay
Americans who feared that immigrants would take jobs and impose their Roman Catholic beliefs on society.
Chinese Exculsion Act
Passed in 1882 this Act prohibited Chinese Immigrants from coming to America and restricted the rights of the ones already here. Also cancelled the Naturalization Laws for the Chinese.
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