gov ch 7

High-tech politics
a politics in which the behavior of citizens and policymakers and the political agenda itself are increasingly shaped by technology
Mass media
television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and other means of popular communication
Media events
events purposely staged for the media that nonetheless look spontaneous. In keeping with politics as theater, media events can
Press conference
meetings of public officials with reporters
Investigative journalism
the use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes, at times putting reports in adversial relationships with political leaders
Print media
newspapers and magazines as compared with broadcast media
Broadcast media
TV and radio, as compared with print media
media programming on cable TV or the Internet that is focused on one topic and aimed at a particular audience. Ex: MTV, ESPN, and C-SPAN
newspapers published by massive media conglomerates that account for over 4/5s of the nation's daily newspaper circulation. Often these chains control broadcast media as well.
specific locations from which news frequently emanates, such as © or the White House. Most top reporters work at a particular beat, thereby becoming specialists in what goes on at that location
Trial balloons
an intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political reaction
Sound bites
short video of approximately 10 seconds. Typically, they are all that is shown from a politician's speech on the nightly TV news
Talking head
a shot of a person's face talking directly to the camera. Because this is visually unappealing, the major commercial networks rarely show a politician talking one-on-one for very long
Policy agenda
the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actively involved in politics at the time
Policy entrepreneurs
people who invest their political "capital" in an issue. According to john Kingdon, a policy entrepreneur "could be in or out of (g), in elected or appointed positions, in interest groups or research organizations."