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The public liked the idea of popular sovereignty because
it accorded with democratic tradition of self determination
Politicians liked popular sovereignty because
it was a comfortable compromise between the antislavery bid for banning slavery and the south demands for protection of slavery
The free soil party started because
the antislavery men in the north were suspicious of Cass and Taylor
The industrialists were drawn to the free soil party because
they were miffed by Polk's lower protective tariffs
The Democrats were drawn to the free soil party because
they were resentful of Polk only taking part of Oregon and yet all of Texas
The anti-blacks joined the free soil party because
they didn't want to share the new territories with the blacks
The free soil party advocated
federal aid for internal improvements and free government homesteads for settlers
The anti-blacks of the free soil party condemned slavery because
they destroyed the chances of free white workers to rise up from wage earning dependence to self-employment
During the election of 1848 the issues were ______ and the election was based on _____
pushed under the rug, personality
Why did California's petition to become a state create such chaos?
If they entered as free then the balance would be thrown off in the senate
The southern argument for slavery rested on
the constitution which protected slavery and the laws of congress which provided for slave catching
The young guard of newcomers was more concerned with ______ and ______ than _______ and _______
purging and purifying, patching and preserving
How did President/V.P. Fillmore feel about the compromises?
He was for them and gladly signed right away
Clays speeches in the north that increased their acceptance of compromise was strengthened by
a spirit of goodwill which came from a feeling of relief and an upsurge of prosperity enriched by the gold rush
Why did the north get the better deal?
California entered as free and tipped the senate balance in their favor, NM and UT would decide by popular sovereignty but were leaning toward free
The south wasn't happy because
Texas had land taken away and NM and UT were sure to become free and they lost equality in the senate, and slave trade was ended in D.C.
What were the effects of the fugitive slave law?
It speeded up the timetable of the Underground Railroad, it infuriated northern mobs so they tried to rescue more slaves, northern states passed personal liberty laws, it awakened a spirit of antagonism in the north against the south
How did the south react to the North's reaction to the fugitive slave law?
They were upset that the north couldn't carry out on the South's one major gain from the compromise
The postponement allowed the north to
grow in population and wealth and strengthen their moral will to fight for the union
The wigs nominated ______ because in the past they had only won with
Winfield Scott, military leaders
The election of 1852 marked
the end of the Whig party and the end of the national parties and the start of sectional parties
What reinvigorated the spirit of manifest destiny?
The discovery of gold in California and the conquest over Mexico
Why was Central America important?
Whoever controlled it would control the route between the pacific and Atlantic and therefore have sway over all maritime nations
British encroachment in Central America drove the U.S. and _____ to do what?
New Granada, make a treaty
The treaty between America and New Granada did what?
Guaranteed American right of transit across isthmus, Washington pledge to maintain neutrality of the route
This agreement between America and New Granada provided
the legal cover for Roosevelt to assert control over the Panama Canal Zone
The agreement between America and New Granada also led to
the construction of the first transcontinental railroad
The Clayton Bulwer treaty stipulated
neither would fortify nor seek exclusive control over a future isthmian waterway
The south was interested in Central America because
the expansionists were looking for new slave territories
Cuba was a prospect for the south because
they already had slaves and it could be split into multiple states to restore the balance in the senate
The south tried to ____ Cuba ____ and what happened?
Seize, twice, second time many men of the best southern families shot and strangled
How did the south respond to the Cubans annihilation of the south?
They attacked the Spanish consulate in New Orleans
How did Spain react to the attack on their consulate?
They captured the American steamer black warrior
Why was it a good time for pierce to go to war with Spain?
The main European powers were involved in the Crimean war and would be unable to aid Spain
that U.S. citizens accused of crimes in china would be tried before American officials
What was included in the treaty of kanagawa?
Proper treatment of shipwrecked sailors, American coaling rights, and the establishment of consular relations
What was needed to make the acquisition of California and Oregon worthwhile?
Feasible land transportation
Why did the north and south fight over where the railroad would be?
Wherever it started, that area would get the money, population increase, and influence
What did Secretary of War Jefferson Davis do to get the railroad in the south?
He appointed James Gadsden to Minister to Mexico and had him pay $10 million for a section of Mexico that the railroad would potentially pass through
Why did the south claim they should have the railroad?
The land was easier and it wouldn't have to pass through unorganized territory
How did the north react to the south's railroad claims?
They decided to organize the Nebraska territory
What did the Kansas Nebraska act involve?
Split the Nebraska territory into the two new states and repeal the Missouri compromise and the two states would decide slavery by popular sovereignty
Why was Stephen Douglas interested in a northern railroad?
He would personally gain from it because he had real-estate and railroad investments in Chicago which the train would pass through
How did the north and south react to the Kansas Nebraska act?
The south was for it and the north was against it because it could spread slavery
What did the Kansas Nebraska act do to the democrats?
It shattered the party and their last president was in 56 and then they didn't have one for 28 years
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