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Terms in this set (53)
City dwellers despised drinking, gamblinh, and casual dating- what they considered worldly, sinful behaviors mostly found in small towns
Between 1910 and 1920, in a movement known as the Great Migration, hundreds of thousands of African Americans has uprooted themselves from thier homes in the South and moved North to the big cities in search of jobs
After WW2, this was the geographic region that a majority if african americans from the south migrated to
This scientifically planned suburban community south of Chicago advertised affordable housing,fresh air and easy acces to urban jobs and culture
The tearing down and replacing of buildings in rundown inner-city nieghborhoods is called
The immigration act of 1965 decreased the amount of immigrants allowed to settle in the US
The north central and northeast regions of the U.S. were named this because of thier aging factories had been closed
A migration of people from cities to the surrounding suburbs is called
In 1994, the state of california passed this piece of legislation which cut all education and nonemergency health benefits to illegal immigrants and it was subsequently ruled unconstituional in 1998
Beginning of 1970's, Asians, Latin Americans replaced europeans as the two largest immigrant groups in the U.S.
The gentleman's agreement prohibited all Chinese, except students, teachers merchants, tourists, and government officials from entering the United States
"Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free" was a poem written by Emma Lazarus that now appears here
Statue of Liberty
This was designed to assimilate people of wide ranging cultures into the dominant culture
This was a 19th century reform program that preached salvation through service to the poor.
Social Gospel Movment
Political machines helped immigrants with naturalization, housing and jobs
Many immigrants and migrants face discrimination in their efforts to find jobs and housing
Which of the following was NOT a factor that contributed to the increase of black migration?
A shortage of jobs in the North
The emergency quota act of 1921 established the maximum number of people who could enter the United States from each foreign country
As a result of the red scare and anti-immigrant feelings, different groups of big gets used anti-communism as an excuse to harass any group unlike themselves. One of the most dominant groups to do this was the
Ku Klux Klan
The main cause of urban sprawl in the United States in the 1920s was the growing popularity of the automobile
Between 1866 and 1915, how many immigrants came to the US
Anyone who came to the US during the first wave of Irish and German migrations between the 1820's and the 1860's
Most Germans came to the US in the 1820s as a result of the fall out of the..
People who cane through Ellis island and immigrated after Reconstruction until WW2
-most came from central, southern, and Eastern Europe (Italy, Greece, Poland, Hungary and Russia)
-called "birds of passage"
Immigrants joining family and/or friends that were already here
centered around the Secretive American party
New Immigrants make up ___ of all immigrants.
Commissioner of Immigration
created in 1864 in the state department who permitted labor contracting in which immigrants exchanged future labor for the cost of transportation
The 1875 Immigration Act
Congress began for the first time to develop a policy to regulate by prohibiting "obnoxious" immigrants based on moral, economic, and physical ground (anyone who was not Eurocentric).
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
from 1850's to 1883 over 300k chinese had immigrated
Bureau of Immigration in 1891
enforced immigration laws
Gentleman's Agreement (1907-1908)
An agreement between the U.S. and Japan that limited Japanese emigration to the U.S.
1917 Immigration Act
prohibited the immigration of the illiterate and restricted immigration along specified long. and lats. called "barred zones" (basically meant asia)
Emergency quota act of 1921
This law restricted immigration to 3% of each nationality that was in the United States in 1910.
1924 Immigration act
overrode the 1921 act and was more restrictive
Immigration Act of 1965
Abolished the national-origins quotas
Positive things that immigrants brought
- Fueled industrial growth
- Acquired citizenship
- Elected politicians
-made their traditions apart of American culture
Specific Immigrants that were positively effected by America
- Mexican Americans developed ranching techniques
-Chinese, Irish, and Mexican workers built railroads
- Women immigrants worked in factories and worked as servants
process in which an increasing proportion of a population lives in cities or suburbs of cities
Where did immigrants from the Far East go to
Where did immigrants from Europe go to
New York, display of wealth, Carnegie Mansion and Vanderbilt Chateau
Overcrowding in the cities lead to...
Jobs and shopping
Growth of middle class and suburbs was because of _____.
railroads, horse cars and street cars
What were the main reasons of the rise of suburbia
-Get away from poor immigrants
-Quiet and healthier for family
- Segregated community
What was the first settlement house?
University Settlement, 1886
- Done before any government welfare programs
What was the goal of the settlement house?
Improve the lives of the poor and provide amenities that were not provided by the government
By 1910, how many settlement houses were there?
Settlement workers saw thier mission as _____
Who was Jane Adams?
-Creator of the Hull House in Chicago (1889)
-Came from a well-to-do family
-Had to live in the slums of Chicago
-Had strong feelings on helping the poor
-She moved in the hull house
Hull house was the _____ or reform for nations immigrants and poor
Who was Jacob Riis?
Tok pics of the poor and thier living environment on film as well as in detailed written description
period of widespread social activism that promoted the elimination of the problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and political corruption
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