But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.
Spread of Gospel through Jerusalem
Spread of Gospel through Judea and Samaria
Spread of Gospel to the ends of the Earth
"A cloud took Jesus out of their sight", 10 days between
Cloud; visible sign of God
Present in Upper Room
Mary, James, Matthias
Central teachings of the church
Healing in early church--"But he said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness." Therefore I will boast all the more gladly about my weaknesses, so that Christ's power may rest on me."
2 Corinthians 12:9
Separation of Christianity from Judaism
100 AD (thoroughly hellanized)
Important Jewish leader, member of Sanhedrin
Elder, Presbyter--preach, take care of church
Take care of widows and orphans
Stephen's martyrdom, model sermon
PETER and Cornelius, Peter doesn't want to go in to his house, prepared by God
Roman employee, Roman army, Godfearer
Then Peter began to speak: "I now realize how true it is that God does not show favoritism
Church begins to grow, first Gentile church, first use of "Christian"
First Gentile church
Means "asked or requested"
From Tarsus, Roman citizen, studied under Gamaliel, Pharisee, "HEBREW BORN OF HEBREWS"
Ministers to Paul in Damascus
The Jerusalem Council
Three speakers at Jerusalem Council
Peter, Paul & Barnabas, James
Leader of Jerusalem Church
Judas (Barsabbas) and Silas
Bearers of letter resulting from Jerusalem church
Members of church of Antioch (Syria)
Barnabas, Symeon (Niger), Manaen
First convert (MJ1), Governor of Cypus (same job as Pilate)
"Then Saul, who was also called Paul" (Saul replaced)
"From Paphos, Paul and his companions sailed to Perga in Pamphylia, where John left them to return to Jerusalem." (Paul mentioned first)
In Lystra (MJ1)
Paul and Barnabas worshiped as Hermes and Zeus
Timothy comes to Lord
"After Paul had seen the vision, we got ready at once to leave for Macedonia..." (LUKE joins) Which MJ and which verse?
Troas (MJ2) : Acts 16:9-10
Godfearer, Philippi, high class
First converts in Europe
Lydia, slave girl, Philippian jailor
Dionysius the Areopagite, Damaris (woman)
Priscilla and Aquila
Titus Justus (Godfearer), Crispus (ruler of synagogue)
Roman governor, sits on Bema, dismisses Paul
Ruler of synogague after Crispus, beat up by Jews, helps write 1 Corinthians
"There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus."
Practical implications of Galatians
All good theology ends in ethics, law put into proper perspective, serve out of love
How Romans is broken up
11 chapters of theology, 4 chapters of implications
Why Romans is written
Always wanted to go to Rome, wants prayer and support, Rome would be headquarters if he went to Spain
Those impacted by Romans
Martin Luther, John Wesley, Karl Barth
"For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile. For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed—a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: 'The righteous will live by faith.'" (theme/prologue of book)
Grace that comes before salvation
Knowledge of God =
= knowledge of yourself
5 factors of Atonement
Reconciliation, regeneration, sanctification, righteousness, justification
Model of salvation by Faith, Galatians 3:6
"So also Abraham 'believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.'"
"What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase?"
Simul Justus et Peccator
Martin Luther's understanding of Christian life: matter of struggle, justified in Christ
John Calvin's view of Christian Life
Life of pilgrimage
Resolution of struggle, becoming a believer
Abraham is not
the father of lineage--rather, the father of faith
Imagery of tree (we are the branches)
"and in this way all Israel will be saved. As it is written: 'The deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob.'"
Things that are neutral--allow conscience to be your guide
2 allegiances of Christians
1) to Bible
2) to community
Bearer of epistle to Rome
From Corinth, important in church
Fellow prisoner, well known among apostles
Wrote the physical letter of Romans
Authors of Corinthians
Paul and Sosthenes
Paul goes to Corinth for first time (MJ2)
Leader of Corinthian church, wrote to Paul
People from Corinth who visited Paul
Stephanas, Fortunatus, Achaicus
4 parties at odds in Corinthians
1) Followers of Paul, Gentiles
2) Followers of Apollos of Alexandria (Egypt), intellectuals
3) Followers of Peter, Jews
4) Followers of Jesus, prideful
"Don't you know that you yourselves are God's temple and that God's Spirit dwells in your midst? If anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy that person; for God's temple is sacred, and you together are that temple." (Reminder of nature of Church)
1 Corinthians 3:16-17
1 Corinthians 5
1 Corinthians 5:1-5
**Body way more important than one individual
1 Corinthians 5:6-8
Leven (symbolic of evil)
1 Corinthians 5:9
Associating with immoral people
1 Corinthians 7
Marriage, singleness, divorce
"those who use the things of the world, as if not engrossed in them. For this world in its present form is passing away."
1 Corinthians 7:31
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
EARLIEST RECORDED WORDS OF JESUS
1 Corinthians 11:11-12
Men and women mutually dependent
1 Corinthians 14:33-35
Gifts of the spirit
Prophecy, Healing, Tongues
Tongue OR known language
1 Corinthians 15
The resurrection--Corinthians deny it
Silversmith, makes statues of Diana, out of work
Chained to Pretorian guard
Leaves us in middle of story:
"For two whole years Paul stayed there in his own rented house and welcomed all who came to see him. 31 He proclaimed the kingdom of God and taught about the Lord Jesus Christ—with all boldness and without hindrance!"
Written during MJ1
Written during MJ2
1 & 2 Thessalonians
Written during MJ3
1 & 2 Corinthians, Romans
Written during MJ4
Not necessarily Pauline
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