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Terms in this set (55)
government decisions that affect issues within the US
government decisions that affect America's relationship with other nations
the country benefits the most
asks what the country can do to benefit others
Washington's Farewell Address
Washington suggested that the US avoid involvement in European conflicts
foreign policy statement that warning European nations to to interfere with Latin America
the part of the world consisting of North America, Central America and South America
the policy of refusing to take sides during conflicts
Treaty of Kanagawa
opened up US trade with Japan
the belief that the US had to right to control all and between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
the policy of powerful countries that seek to control the economic and political affairs of weaker countries or regions
White Man's Burden
a poem written by Rudyard Kipling which shows how the rich believed that they had an obligation to help the poor "better themselves" whether the poor people liked it or not
the US purchased Alaska from Russia, 586,412 square miles at 2.3 cents per acre. Many criticized the idea at the time, but gold and oil were eventually discovered there
to add something on
Annexation of Hawaii
took place after planter's set up a republic and asked the US to take Hawaii. Congress annexed Hawaii in 1898
Sphere of Influence
an area of land where a nation had special trading privileges
Open Door Policy
policy issued by secretary of state John Hay in 1899 that allowed a nation to trade in other nation's sphere of influence in China
A rebellion where the Chinese tried to kick out imperialist powers. It ultimately failed and led to the Open Door Policy which removed the spheres of influence and allowed the Us to trade in China
the belief that certain races or groups are superior and destined to take over other races because they are inferior
the practice of exaggerating or twisting stories to sell newspapers
William Randolph Hearst
a journalist who used yellow journalism to sell newspapers. He is known to say "You supply the pictures, I'll supply the war."
a journalist who used yellow journalism because he knew the war would sell more newspapers
Underlying Causes of the Spanish American War
-American business wanted control over valuable resources in Cuba
-Americans were sympathetic to Cubans who were trying to win independence
The USS Maine
ship that mysteriously exploded, many Americans blamed Spain
Results of the Spanish American War
-Most Americans die of disease or starvation rather than fighting
-Spain gives America Puerto Rico, Guam and Philippines
-America gains control of Cuba
led by Teddy Roosevelt, this volunteer group of cowboys and adventurers became the most famous regiment of the war
Famous regiment of African American soldiers
Battle of San Juan Hill
Most important battle of the war. America wins and goes on to win war
Reasons for Imperialism
1)economics- european countries wanted raw materials and consumers for their product
2)duty- many europeans believed that it was their duty to spread christianity and culture to backward people
3)competition- european countries wanted to take over an area before the competitors were able to
The Platt Amendment
Gives the US part of Cuba (guatanamo bay) as a permanent military base. Also gives america control of cuban government
Roosevelt added to the Monroe Doctrine and said that the US had a right to invade nations in Latin America whenever it wanted to keep order. It made America the police of the Western Hemisphere. Also known as the big stick policy.
it took 40,000 workers more than 10 years to build in horrible conditions. Led to an increase in global trade with the US benefitting the most. America would control the canal zone for almost a century.
Taft's policy of building strong economic ties with Latin America. US companies would essentially control Latin American governments. "Banana Republics"
believed Americans had a right and duty to spread Christianity and democracy
office of ambassador
smaller office of embassy located in smaller cities
Wilson's foreign policy goal of stopping imperialism, spreading democracy and promoting peace. He would actually invade more nations than Taft or Roosevelt.
helped us take over Philippines with maps and everything we needed to know because he wanted freedom
The Results of the Spanish-American War
American businesses wanted control over the valuable resources of Cuba.
Americans were sympathetic to Cubans who were trying to win independence.
Spark of the Spanish-American War
When the U.S.S. Maine mysteriously exploded, many Americans blamed Spain
How did Washington's farewell address help set america's future direction?
warned the US not to get involved with foreign affairs and to avoid political parties
What caused the U.S to change from isolationism to imperialism in the late 1800's Explain/describe each of the three big causes:
George Dewey entered Manila Bay here. It became an American
protectorate in 1898.
Caribbean Island obtained from Spain. Now a US Commonwealth.
Called "Seward's Folly." Purchased from Russia in 1867. Contains
abundant wildlife and natural resources. Statehood came in 1959
US sugar growers caused a revolution on this Pacific Island chain.
The legitimate monarch was overthrown and the islands were
annexed by the US. Statehood came in 1959 (50th state).
Americans secured this remote Pacific island from Spain after the war over Cuba. Americans had captured it earlier, before the residents even knew that there was a war going on.
Pacific islands divided between the US and Germany
Pacific Island group obtained from Germany. Now a US territory.
Spanish speaking Caribbean island. Wanted independence from
Spain. US helped in Spanish-American War. 90 miles from Florida.
Maine exploded in Havana harbor.
Island in the Pacific, Obtained after Spanish American War (1898).
Important World War II battle.
Isolationist country until Matthew C. Perry opened it up to western
trade. Went to war with Russia until TR settled dispute in 1904.
Isolationist country until western powers carved it into spheres of
It was an empire until a revolution in 1911 turned it into a republic.
Became communist in 1949.
Located on an isthmus in North America, it was part of Columbia
until a US-backed revolution brought independence. Canal was built
there starting in 1904 and finished in 1914 after many deaths from
What were the arguments of the anti- imperialists about our role in imperialism?
There is no need to take over countries in order to trade or be allies with them.
A popular leader during the Mexican Revolution of 1910. An outlaw in his youth, when the revolution started, he formed a cavalry army in the north of Mexico and fought for the rights of the landless in collaboration with Emiliano Zapata.
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