Terms in this set (25)
A case primarily for money damages
Action brought in the name of the people in the state of california as a "plaintiff" against the person charged.
ACTION / CASE / SUIT / LAWSUIT
The legal dispute brought into court for trial in civil cases.
The paper in which the defendant in a civil case answers the claim of the plaintiffs
After all the evidence on both sides of the case, one of the lawyers on each side is permitted to tell the jury what the lawyer thinks the evidence proves and why they should win.
Cause of Action
The legal grounds on which a party to a civil case relies to get a verdict against that parties adversary.
Challenge for Actual or Implied Cause
If a lawyer thinks a jurors state of mind indicates bias towards a specific side, the lawyer may ask the judge to excuse that juror.
"Charge" or Instructions
After the taking of evidence has been concluded, and either before or after the arguments of the attorneys, the judge will outline the rule of law which must guide the deliberations of the jurors and control the verdict.
The paper in a civil or criminal case in which the plaintiff sets forth the claims against the defendant.
Counterclaim or Cross Complaints
Results when the defendant, in the answer to the complaint, or in a cross complaint claims damages or other relief from the plaintiff.
The person against whom a case is brought, the person charged.
A written testimony in question and answer form, made under oath, with opportunity for cross examination. Testimony may be read at the trial, subject to the right of opposing counsel to object thereto.
Directed Verdict in a Civil Case
In a civil case after the evidence presented by both sides has been heard and no issue of fact for the jury to pass on has been disclosed, the judge will instruct the jury regarding the kind of verdict to return. The jury must return such verdict.
Articles such as pictures, books, letters, and documents are often recurved in evidence. Generally given to the guru to take to the jury room while deliberating.
A disputed question of fact. Sometimes spoken as one of the questions, which the jury must answer to reach a verdict.
The whole number of prospective jurors, from which the trial jury of 12 is chosen.
Before introducing any evidence for each side of the case, each lawyer is permitted to tell the jury what the case is about and what evidence they expect the testimony to show.
The plaintiff and the defendant of the case- also called the "litigants" in a civil case.
Passed, Passed for Cause
Expressions used by lawyers while examining prospective jurors. They indicate that the lawyers do not intend to challenge the prospective juror in any claim for actual or implied bias
The law provides that the lawyer on either wide may demand that a set umber of prospective jurors be excused, without being required to give reasons. for the demand, the judge must excuse the jurors designated.
A person who starts a civil lawsuit, or the people of the state of California in a criminal case.
The parties in a civil lawsuit must file court papers, such as a complaint or an answer stating their claims, denials, or defenses.
Often the judge or the sawyers may declare that something or is not for "the record" or "in the record". This refers to the word for word record made by the official reporter in shorthand of all the proceedings of the trial.
The legal phrase which means the lawyer has concluded the evidence that the lawyer wants to introduce at that stage of the trial.
12 jurors sworn in as the jury to try a particular case.
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Justice System Vocabulary