32 terms

Cell and Blood Study Guide

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What is the structure of red blood cells?
Structure: donut shaped with no hole, but a slight depression in the center, flat and round
What is the structure of white blood cells?
Structure: they are white, little ball with intertwined segmentsm they have to be stained in order to look at them through a microscope
What is the structure of platlets?
structure: colorless, tiny, cell fragments
What is the structure of plasma?
structure: a fluid, composed of about 92% water, 1% minerals and proteins
Why is Karl Landsteiner important?
won the Noble Peace Prize for his work with making blood transfusions safe
What are the red blood cells are used for?
Trauma and surgery, anemia
What is plasma used for?
Burn patients, Shock, Bleeding disorders
What are platelets are used for?
Cancer treatments, Organ transplants, Surgery
Rh factor (-) and (+)
another protein found on the red blood cell in the blood. If it is positive (+) you have the marker, and if it is negative (-) you do not have the marker
Name the levels of organization found within the body:
organelles -> cells,-> tissues,-> organs -> organ systems.
What is the function of the arteries?
pumps blood away from the heart
What is the function of the veins?
carry CO2 rich blood back to the heart and lungs.
What is the function of the capillaries?
gas exchange, takes away waste
How do marker molecules and Rh factor determine your blood type?
1. if you have RH + protein this means you have positive blood,
2. if you do not have the protein it means you have negative blood type and anti- Rh
3. If the marker molecule is A- the person has type A blood,
4. if the marker molecule is B- the person has type B blood.
What is the function of plasma?
function: transports oxygen from the lungs to your body's tissue, all other blood flows in it, maintains satisfactory blood pressure
What is the function of platelets?
function: creates blood clots, helps to prevent blood loss,
What is the function of red blood cells?
Function: carry oxygen from the lungs to your body's tissue
What is the function of white blood cells?
Function: fights disease and protect the body against infection
What are the three types of blood vessels?
capillaries, veins, and arteries
List in order how the types of blood vessels move blood.
The blood starts with the ______________, then moves to the _____________ and then the _______________, and then back to the heart.
What does it mean when the circulatory system is a two loop system?
The right atrium and ventricle pump blood to the lungs, then the capillaries in the lungs releases the CO2 and pick up oxygen, the blood then returns to the heart through the left atrium and ventricle where it is pumped out into the body.
What are the major structures of the cardiovascular system?
heart, blood vessels and blood
What are the 2 different alleles for the RH factor
Rh + and Rh -
What is Rh factor?
another type of protein found in the red blood cells
What is the major function of the cardiovascular system?
carries oxygen, replenishes CO2, fights disease, maintains body temperatures
What are the 2 different alleles for the RH factor
Rh + and Rh -
What is the structure of plasma?
Yellowish liquid, made mostly of H2O, takes up 55% of the blood
What is the function of the red blood cells?
transports O2 to the body
What is the function of the white blood cells?
gets rid of sickness, fights infection, kills germs
What is the function of the plasma?
carries nutrients, hormones, proteins and cell waste, maintain blood pressure
Name the 8 blood types
A+, A-, B+, B-, AB+, AB-, O+, O-
List the order of how blood moves through the body.
Heart->arteries-> capillaries->veins-> back to the heart