29 terms

history unit 4

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Overlanders
someone who travels overland to the West
Mormon Migration
The Mormons moved west to escape religious persecution, they settled in Missouri and Illinois but were later persecuted by their neighbors ; decided to move Northwest towards the Great Salt Lake.
Mestizos
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestory
vaqueros
men on horseback who herded cattle on haciendas
Stephen Austin
American who settled in Texas, one of the leaders for Texan independence from Mexico
Sam Houston
Commander of the Texas army at the battle of San Jacinto; later elected president of the Republic of Texas
Annexation
to incorporate a country or territory into another country or territory
Oregon Treaty
1846. Settled dispute of Oregon boundary dispute, stemming from the Treaty of 1818 in which both U.S. and British settlers were granted free navigation of the territory.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million
Ceded
give up (power or territory)
Popular Sovereignty
people living in an area could vote whether to allow slavery
Secession
withdrawal from the Union
Compromise of 1850
Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War. Henry Clay
Bleeding Kansas
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
Dred Scott Decision
sued for freedom, didn't happen. people got mad.
Referendum
practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature
Stephen Douglas
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine
insurrection
a rebellion against established government
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Confederacy
A loose union of independent states; name of government used by the southern states that seceded during the Civil War
martial law
administered by military forces that is invoked by a government in an emergency
Going from the east to the west
- religion
- land
What was manifest destiny? List two reasons why so many wanted to achieve it.
land - got stopped by natives
religion (mormons) - lots of hate and no one accepted them
List two reasons why many settlers traveled west? List two challenges they faced.
Settlers in mexican territories faced attacks from the region's native American groups
How did life change for many Mexican citizens living in the northern territories after gaining independence from spain?
Similar: Texas breaking awat from Mexico like colonist in New England broke away from Britain

Different: Location, Texas took a few months, AR took 8 years
How was the texas war for Independence similar and different to american revolution
cause - Mexico surrendered
effect - Polk sent soldiers to veracruz
Explain a cause and effect on the Mexican War
S - gained fugitive slave law
N - the north gained california
explain an achievement of the north and the south within the compromise of 1850
it made lincoln seem eloquence and made his republican views made clear through the debate
how did lincoln and the republican party benefit from the lincoln-douglas debates
1. they had no choice but to secede
2. had to get rid of slavery
explain two reasons why the south reacted the way it did to the election of abraham lincoln