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bio anthropology ashemore final
Terms in this set (27)
You find some bones in Chad, Central Africa. They look to be roughly 7-6 mya, has a very small cranial capacity of 350 and extreme postorbital constriction, and no postcranial remains.
You find some bones in Tugen Hills, Kenya. They look to be roughly 6 mya, doesn't have much cranial remains, but has dentition, hands, and a long femoral neck.
You find some bones in Aramis, Ethioia. They look to be around 4.4 mya, with a small cranial capacity, upright walker, and no opposable thumbs.
You find some bones that look to be 3.9-3 mya, it's got a cranial capacity 375-500, pointed canines, sexually dimorphic, long arms, short legs, large teeth, and pronounced nuchal region
You find some bones in South Africa. They look to be 3-2 mya, has a cranial capacity of 405, reduced canines, large face, and no sagittal crest.
You find some bones in Malapa Cave, South Africa. They look to be 1.95-1.78 mya, has a cranial capacity of 420, has long arms, and long fingers
You find some bones in South Africa. They look to be 1.5-2.2 mya, has a cranial capacity of 420, and a dished face
You find some bones in Lake Turkana, Kenya. They look to be 2.2-2.8 mya, has a cranial capacity 410, flaring zygomatics, prognathic face, and a sagittal crest
You find some bones in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. They look to be 1-2.2 mya and has a cranial capacity of 515
You find some bones in East Turkana, Kenya. They look to be about 1.8 mya, has a cranial capacity of 775, reduced occipital torus, and a large brain/body. They were meat eaters, had tools and housing.
You find some bones and they look to be 1.8 mya- 350,000 years old. It has a cranial capacity of 900, a flattened/elongated skull, large and continuous supraorbital tori, thick cranial and broad nasal bones, sagittal keel, shovel-shaped incisors, no chin, longer legs and shorter arms, and narrow hips
You find some bones. It has a cranial capacity of 380, had island dwarfism, no protruding chin, flat arch on foot
You find some bones mostly in Europe, some in the Middle East. They look to be 130,000-30,000 years old. It has a cranial capacity of 1200-1740, large and protruding face, large nasal region, arched supraorbital tori, and an occipital bun.
Are humans still evolving?
Yes, but microevolution.
What was discovered at Rising Star Cave?
When did hominins get to Australia?
Around 50,000 years ago.
Why was Homo floresiensis so small?
What did the human genome project tell us about human genetics?
Put to rest the idea that we're really different because we look different, when we're actually very similar.
What was the Piltdown fraud and why was it so successful?
Fake fossils. Because they wanted to believe we had bigger brains.
Which hominins got to the new world and how?
Homo sapiens and the Bering Strait
a cast of the inside of a skull; used to help determine the size and shape of the brain
bottom part of skull
Squeezing behind the ears
minimum cranial capacity required for a specimen to be classified as a certain species or genus
traits evolve at different times and at different rates
increase in brain size
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