front to back stops and nasals before liquids and fricatives
glide substitutes for a liquid ex. room as (wum)
substitution of a stop for a fricative ex. that as (daet)
CV CVC CVCC CCVCC
when kids repeat a syllable ex.mama papa
Order of acquisition of morphology
PLU-N POSS-NP PRES-S (ABC Order)
Yes-no and wh
IM (inflection movement)
move inflected word before subject Is Daddy going?
more complicated transformation than yes/no questions must have IM and WHM
Yes-no intonation Daddy going?
Yes-no Intonation Daddy going? wh WHM Where Daddy going?
Yes/no IM Is Daddy going? wh WHM Where Daddy going?
yes-no IM Is Daddy going? wh WHM + IM Where's Daddy going?
Intonation, wh question, IM
Children will acquire _____ member before _____ member
Before and After
Stage 1- sentences interpreted via order of mention Stage 2- before interpreted correctly, after interpreted via order or mention Stage 3- before and after interpreted as before Stage 4- all sentences interpreted correctly
Mentalism, Chomsky, Mind has more innate structure, Language acquisition is biologically determined, Language is acquired
behaviorism, Skinner, Mind has less innate structure, language acquisition is culturally determined, language is learned
tells if someone is left/right dominant
right ear advantage
most people are left dominant ex. person presented with boy to the right ear and girl to the left ear would report hearing boy but not girl
left ear advantage
right dominant (right hemisphere)
most people are _______ dominant for language
any sort of _____ signal is processed by the _____ hemisphere
any auditory signal that is perceived as language is processed in the ____ hemisphere
Non fluent, Labored "telegraphic" output, self-monitoring, paralysis, unimpaired comprehension
Fluent, Neologistic jargon, no self-monitoring, no paralysis, severely impaired comprehension