33 terms

ENGL 351 Healy Final

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What are the vowels children acquire first?
/a,i,u/
How do children acquire consonants?
front to back
stops and nasals before liquids and fricatives
Gliding
glide substitutes for a liquid
ex. room as (wum)
Stopping
substitution of a stop for a fricative
ex. that as (daet)
Syllable Structure
CV
CVC
CVCC
CCVCC
Reduplication
when kids repeat a syllable
ex.mama papa
Order of acquisition of morphology
PLU-N
POSS-NP
PRES-S
(ABC Order)
Questions
Yes-no and wh
IM (inflection movement)
move inflected word before subject
Is Daddy going?
wh questions
more complicated transformation than yes/no questions
must have IM and WHM
Stage 1
Yes-no
intonation
Daddy going?
Stage 2
Yes-no
Intonation
Daddy going?
wh
WHM
Where Daddy going?
Stage 3
Yes/no
IM
Is Daddy going?
wh
WHM
Where Daddy going?
Stage 4
yes-no
IM
Is Daddy going?
wh
WHM + IM
Where's Daddy going?
Order
Intonation, wh question, IM
Children will acquire _____ member before _____ member
positive, negative
Before and After
Stage 1- sentences interpreted via order of mention
Stage 2- before interpreted correctly, after interpreted via order or mention
Stage 3- before and after interpreted as before
Stage 4- all sentences interpreted correctly
Nativism
Mentalism, Chomsky, Mind has more innate structure, Language acquisition is biologically determined, Language is acquired
Empiricism
behaviorism, Skinner, Mind has less innate structure, language acquisition is culturally determined, language is learned
Dichotic Listening
tells if someone is left/right dominant
right ear advantage
most people are left dominant
ex. person presented with boy to the right ear and girl to the left ear would report hearing boy but not girl
left ear advantage
right dominant (right hemisphere)
most people are _______ dominant for language
left
any sort of _____ signal is processed by the _____ hemisphere
auditory, right
any auditory signal that is perceived as language is processed in the ____ hemisphere
left
Broca's Aphasia
Non fluent, Labored "telegraphic" output, self-monitoring, paralysis, unimpaired comprehension
Wernicke's Aphasia
Fluent, Neologistic jargon, no self-monitoring, no paralysis, severely impaired comprehension
Conduction Aphasia
Fluent, Severely impaired repetition, self-monitoring, Contralateral weakness, unimpaired comprehension
Symptom of Broca's Aphasia
affects linguistic output rather than comprehension
Symptoms of Wernicke's Aphashia
affects comprehension rather than output
Symptoms of Conduction Aphasia
inability to repeat utterances
Anomia
cant access words
replace the actual word with another
ex. can you grab me the gismo?
Semantic Aphasia
define or describe the word
up down right controller instead of light switch