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important dates durring the Civil Rights Movement


First African slaves imported to Jamestown


hundred of thousands of slaves sent to US to work, considered property


Slavery considered illegal, but illegal importation continue


Nat Turner leads slave rebellion

1840's and 50's

Abolitionist movement makes headway in north


Southern states secede from Union and form confederate states CIVIL WAR BEGINS


Civil war ends, 13th amendment abolishes slavery

1868 and 1870

14th and 15th amendment, former slaves become citizens and have right to vote

late 1860's

KKK organizes to secretly fight against northern occupation and black civil rights


president Rutherford Hayes makes deal to withdraw troops from south is south votes for him

Late 1800's and 1896

southerners make Jim Crowe laws with Plessy vs. Furgeson decision, and supreme court creation of 'separate but equal'


over 4,000 are lynched


NAACP is formed to fight against lynching and discrimination against blacks

first half of 20th century

millions of americans move north to escape jim crowe laws, this is calles The Great Migration

World Wars I and II 1917-18 and 1941-45

African Americans are drafted or enlist in military and serve in segregated units led by white officers. Many hope that fighting for country will help equality, but this is not the case


President Truman orders against segregation in military


Supreme Court rules 'Brown vs. Board of Education' that 'separate but equal' is unconstitutional and that racial segregation is illegal


Emmet Till is murdered in Mississipi for flirting with a white women. Sparks Civil Rights Movement.


Rosa Parks is jails for refusing to give her seat to a white man on the bus. Later, segregation on buses is ruled unconstitutional.


Arkansas governor Orval Faubus uses National Guard to block nine students from entering Little Rock High. Eisenhower drafts Arkansas National Guard and sends in army airborne division to force desegregation


Four black students begin a sit-in at an all white lunch counter. Sit-ins start occurring throughout south.


Three civil rights activists (2 white 1 black) are murdered in rural area near Philadelphia, Mississippi. Event is widely covered and results in strong opposition of Jim Crowe laws and essentially breaks back of segregation


Civil Rights Act is passed and signed by president Lyndon Johnson


Voting Rights Act is passed and outlaws literacy tests and poll taxes as assessments on who could vote

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