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Civil Rights

important dates durring the Civil Rights Movement
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1619
First African slaves imported to Jamestown
1600-1808
hundred of thousands of slaves sent to US to work, considered property
1808
Slavery considered illegal, but illegal importation continue
1831
Nat Turner leads slave rebellion
1840's and 50's
Abolitionist movement makes headway in north
1861
Southern states secede from Union and form confederate states CIVIL WAR BEGINS
1865
Civil war ends, 13th amendment abolishes slavery
1868 and 1870
14th and 15th amendment, former slaves become citizens and have right to vote
late 1860's
KKK organizes to secretly fight against northern occupation and black civil rights
1876
president Rutherford Hayes makes deal to withdraw troops from south is south votes for him
Late 1800's and 1896
southerners make Jim Crowe laws with Plessy vs. Furgeson decision, and supreme court creation of 'separate but equal'
1882-1968
over 4,000 are lynched
1909
NAACP is formed to fight against lynching and discrimination against blacks
first half of 20th century
millions of americans move north to escape jim crowe laws, this is calles The Great Migration
World Wars I and II 1917-18 and 1941-45
African Americans are drafted or enlist in military and serve in segregated units led by white officers. Many hope that fighting for country will help equality, but this is not the case
1948
President Truman orders against segregation in military
1954
Supreme Court rules 'Brown vs. Board of Education' that 'separate but equal' is unconstitutional and that racial segregation is illegal
1955
Emmet Till is murdered in Mississipi for flirting with a white women. Sparks Civil Rights Movement.
1955
Rosa Parks is jails for refusing to give her seat to a white man on the bus. Later, segregation on buses is ruled unconstitutional.
1957
Arkansas governor Orval Faubus uses National Guard to block nine students from entering Little Rock High. Eisenhower drafts Arkansas National Guard and sends in army airborne division to force desegregation
1960
Four black students begin a sit-in at an all white lunch counter. Sit-ins start occurring throughout south.
1964
Three civil rights activists (2 white 1 black) are murdered in rural area near Philadelphia, Mississippi. Event is widely covered and results in strong opposition of Jim Crowe laws and essentially breaks back of segregation
1964
Civil Rights Act is passed and signed by president Lyndon Johnson
1965
Voting Rights Act is passed and outlaws literacy tests and poll taxes as assessments on who could vote