Late 1800's and 1896
southerners make Jim Crowe laws with Plessy vs. Furgeson decision, and supreme court creation of 'separate but equal'
first half of 20th century
millions of americans move north to escape jim crowe laws, this is calles The Great Migration
World Wars I and II 1917-18 and 1941-45
African Americans are drafted or enlist in military and serve in segregated units led by white officers. Many hope that fighting for country will help equality, but this is not the case
Supreme Court rules 'Brown vs. Board of Education' that 'separate but equal' is unconstitutional and that racial segregation is illegal
Emmet Till is murdered in Mississipi for flirting with a white women. Sparks Civil Rights Movement.
Rosa Parks is jails for refusing to give her seat to a white man on the bus. Later, segregation on buses is ruled unconstitutional.
Arkansas governor Orval Faubus uses National Guard to block nine students from entering Little Rock High. Eisenhower drafts Arkansas National Guard and sends in army airborne division to force desegregation
Four black students begin a sit-in at an all white lunch counter. Sit-ins start occurring throughout south.
Three civil rights activists (2 white 1 black) are murdered in rural area near Philadelphia, Mississippi. Event is widely covered and results in strong opposition of Jim Crowe laws and essentially breaks back of segregation