26 terms

Romeo and Juliet Terms: Plot, Tragedy, Literary Devices (English 9)

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Exposition
Background information presented in a literary work.
Exciting force/inciting incident
sets the action in motion
Rising Action/Complications
the series of struggles that builds a story or play toward a climax
Technical climax
also known as a "turning point"; the protagonist makes an important, life-altering decision
Dramatic Climax
the point or points of highest intensity or suspense
Falling action
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution
Catastrophe/denouement/resolution
The play ends with disaster, but conflicts are resolved and the end of the story states the final outcome of the conflict
Outside force
any force not associated with the conflict that worsens the conflict
Conflict
A struggle between opposing forces
Tragic flaw
the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall
Plot
Sequence of events in a story
Catharsis
a release of emotional tension usually pity and fear
Characterization
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
Direct characterization
The author directly states a character's traits
Indirect characterization
The character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others
Dialogue
Conversation between two or more characters
Monologue
A long speech made by one performer or by one person in a group.
Soliloquy
A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage
Aside
a line spoken by an actor to the audience or certain characters but not intended everyone on stage to hear
Dramatic Irony
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
Tragic Hero
A literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
Foil
A character who is in most ways opposite to the main character (protagonist) or one who is nearly the same as the protagonist. The purpose of the foil character is to emphasize the traits of the main character by contrast only
Foreshadowing
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
Pun
a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
Allusion
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
Tragedy
A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character