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Patterson Literary Terms ENGLA 8
Terms in this set (50)
The voice of a verb whose subject performs the action.
The repetition of speech sounds, usually applied only to consonants, at the beginning of a word or of a stressed syllable within a word.
An explicit or implicit reference, in a work of literature, to a person, place or event, or to another literary work or passage.
A piece of writing which takes a stance on an issue, supports a claim with evidence and logic, and stands against the opposing side with logical reasons.
The repetition in words of identical or similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds.
The person or group for whom a selection is written or performed.
A person represented in a story.
To quote (a passage, book, or author) as evidence for or justification of an argument.
To state or assert that something is the case. Also a debatable defensible statement at the center of an argumentative text.
A group of words that has its own subject and verb but may or may not express a complete thought or be a complete sentence.
The action or fact of forming a united whole. When the elements of a piece of writing "go together".
To examine and appraise characteristics or qualities in order to discover similarities.
The emotional association(s) suggested by the primary meaning of a word, which affects its interpretations; things suggested by a word apart from the thing the name explicitly names or describes.
To examine and appraise characteristics or qualities in order to discover differences.
To be believed, trusted, or found to be reliable.
The objective meaning of a word independent of other associations the word calls to mind.
Language that deviates from a standard significance or sequence of words in order to achieve a special meaning or effect (e.g. similes and metaphors).
A category used to classify literary works, usually by form, technique, or content.
An intentional exaggeration for emphasis or comic effect.
A conclusion or opinion that draws on known facts, evidence, or intuition to fill in missing information.
A literary technique that involves surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions.
A figure of speech in which two things that are basically unlike but have some qualities in common are compared.
The term used to describe words whose pronunciations suggest their meaning (e.g. meow, buzz).
Relating to, or inserted as a parenthesis.
Parts of Speech
The eight classes into which words are grouped according to their uses in a sentence.
The voice of a verb whose subject receives an action.
A figure of speech that gives life or human characteristics to non-human objects or ideas.
The practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.
The structure of the actions in a dramatic narrative or work, ordered and rendered toward achieving particular emotional and artistic effects.
Point of View
The perspective or perspectives established by an author through which the reader is presented with the characters, actions, setting, and events that constitute the narrative in a work of fiction.
Events forming the outcome of the climax of a play or story.
The time and place in which a narrative takes place; the physical and psychological background against which the action of a story takes place; the scenery and stage effects for a dramatic production.
A figure of speech or other direct comparison of two things that are dissimilar, using the words like or as (or other words of comparison).
Vocabulary relating to a particular subject, art, or craft, or its techniques.
The general idea or insight about life that a work of literature reveals. This may be stated or implied.
Expresses the writer's attitude toward his or her subject.
a grammatically correct group of words which contains a subject and verb, but does not express a complete thought and must be attached to another group of words to be a complete sentence.
A specific piece of information that is offered to support a claim. This may be a fact, quotation, example, statistic, personal experience, etc.
a statement which can be proved or verified.
Prose writing which tells an imaginary story.
A grammatically correct group of words which contains a subject and verb and which expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a complete sentence.
Writing that provides factual information to explain an idea or teach a process.
Writing which tells a story that is rooted in either fantasy or reality.
Writing which tells about real people, places, and events mainly to convey factual information.
A statement that cannot be proved because it expresses a person's beliefs, feelings, or thoughts.
The restating of information in one's own words.
a small group of words standing together as a conceptual unit, typically forming component of a clause.
The voice of a text especially in poetry or narrative writing. Not necessarily the author of the text.
To briefly retell the main ideas of a piece of writing in one's own words.
To develop, back up, or otherwise substantiate an idea using a variety of evidence, facts, and opinions.
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