Terms in this set (29)
Mitochondriacell organelles that convert the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to useMulticellularconsisting of many cellsnucleolussmall structure found in the cell nucleus containing protein and nucleic acidsnucleusin cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material in the form of DNAorganellespecialized structure that performs important cellular functions within a eukaryotic cellprokaryoteunicellular organism that lacks a nucleusribosomecell organelle consisting of RNA and protein found throughout the cytoplasm in a cell; the site of protein synthesisselectively permeableproperty of biological membranes that allows some substances to pass across the membrane while others cannotunicellularconsisting of one cellvacuolecell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydratesCytoplasmSubstance inside the cell, but not in organellesCell MembraneSelectively permeable boundary on cellsRobert Hookefirst to observe "small chambers" in cork and call them cells.Anton van Leeuwenhoekmade first simple microscopeRobert Browndiscovered the nucleusmicroscopedevice that produces magnified images of structures that are too small to see with the unaided eyeCharacteristics of prokaryotessmaller, DNA not contained in nucleus, only found in unicellular organisms like bacteria, no membrane bound organellesCharacteristics of eukaryoteslarger, DNA contained in nucleus, found in animals, plants, protists, and fungi, has membrane bound organellesCharacteristics of all cellsDNA, cell membrance, cytoplasm, ribosomes

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