38 terms

Constitution, Bill of Rights and Branches of Government

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Impeachment
Congress can remove a president by this process.
Who can remove a judge from office?
Congress
How Congress can limit the President:
They can place limits on how money is spent
The three branches of government
1. Legislative
2. Executive
3. Judicial
Constitutional
The Supreme Court can decide if a law is ___________________________.
Who appoints federal judges?
The President
Veto
when the president rejects a bill
Only ________________ can declare war.
Congress
If the president vetoes a bill, it can still be ____________ by Congress
Passed
Separation of Powers
Placed on the branches of government to make sure one branch doesn't become too powerful.
legislative branch
lawmakers or Congress
This amendment gives people the right to express themselves
1st Amendment
What are two executive powers?
1. Can make appointments (choose officials)
2. veto laws
What are two Legislative Powers?
1. Declare War
2. Decide how money is spent
What does checks and balances mean?
Each branch can limit the powers of the other branches
How does the judicial branch check the legislative branch?
Declare laws unconstitutional
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
No quartering of soldiers
4th Amendment
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
5th Amendment
Criminal Proceedings; Due Process; Eminent Domain; Double Jeopardy; Protection from Self incrimination
6th Amendment
Right to a fair, speedy trial in criminal cases
7th Amendment
Fair trial in civil cases
What are the two types of cases that are tried in court?
civil and criminal
8th Amendment
No cruel or unusual punishment or excessive bail
Length of the President's term
4 years
Two parts of Congress
Senate and House of Representatives
The five freedoms protected by the first amendment are:
1. Speech
2. Petition
3. Press
4. Assembly
5. Religion
What is an amendment?
A change to the Constitution
How many amendments have to do with rights of those accused of crimes?
Four
eminent domain
Power of a government to take private property for public use.
double jeopardy
Being tried twice for the same crime is not allowed under the 5th Amendment
No housing of _________________ in times of ______________.
Soldiers .... war
warrant
A legal paper, issued by a court, giving police permission to make an arrest, seizure, or search.
Due Porcess
fair treatment through the judicial system under the 5th Amendment
Federalism
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal government and the states
self-incrimination
giving evidence about yourself that could lead to you being found guilty of a crime
militia
organized group of soldiers who serve as soldiers
Grand Jury
A person accused of a serious or capital crime is brought before this type of jury