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Exam #3: Slide Review
Terms in this set (30)
Wage Gap in Present Moment:
White Men: 100%
White women: 80.5%
Black Men: 74.5%
Black Women: 69.6%
Hispanic men: 65.9%
Hispanic women: 59.8%
Even when women and men both have a college degree...
the women will get 15,000 and the men will receive around 23,000
Jobs are not ranked higher in pay based on difficulty they are based on
if it is female dominated or not...child care workers get payed less than bellhops and coastroom attendancts. that is rediculous.
Why is there a gender wage gap?
sex segregation (2 types)
Between ocupations . (different compensation and value)
Why don't women make it to the top in greater numbers? (promotions )
external culter - things outside of the workplace and
internal berriers in the workplace - gender dymanics, vacancy chain, internal labor market
dicrimination in promotions
Now is is 70% white people in american but in 2100
fastest growing minority group
Subordinate group whose members have less power or control over their lives than members of the dominant group
5 properties of minority groups
1) Experience unequal treatment
2) Share physical/cultural characteristics
3) Membership NOT voluntary
4) Group solidarity: in-groups vs. out-groups
5) Intra-group marriage
race is not a biological category T/F
TRUE IT IS NOT A BIOLOGICAL CATEGORY
unreliable generalization about all members of group that does not recognize individual differences within the group
Ex: someone with long hair must be a women...
an irrationally based negative, or occasionally positive, attitude toward certain groups and their members
a professor who thinks all athletes are stupid
an employer who thinks all Northerners are rude
without knowlege of a particular person
draw incorrect conclusions
harmful treatment of persons because of their social category. action;not just a belief
use of group averages in a way that produces harmful treatment. Averages can be correct, though they are often subject to outliers.
Ex: employer who believes that women miss more work than men refuses to hire women
based on broad and entrenched patterns in culture and social structure.
examples: legacy admissions, lending practices
people being denied admission or morgage because of their race
hispanic women earn
half of what white men make
Attitudes vs. Actions
Do prejudiced people always discriminate?
Two-stage method: Field observations and Mail Survey
Field Observation: young, married, Chinese couple
251 hotels, restaurants, and campgrounds
6 months later: Mail Survey
"Will you accept members of the Chinese race as guests in your establishment?"
Field observation: actual behavior
Conclusion: Prejudice does not always mean discrimination
the belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior
Criminal offense committed because of the offender's bias against a race, religion, ethnic group, national origin, or sexual orientation
2009: More than 8,300 hate crimes reported
is the use of the principle of race neutrality to defend a racially unequal status quo
School funding is provided by:
Local and the state. The government barely pays for ANY of it. 6.9% to be exact.
Schools who have less funding are most likely to
have a higher dropout rate, less classroom space, not enough books for students and have a lower student to teacher ratio...that isn't good
How to close funding gaps?
Reduce reliance on local property taxes
Target funds to help educate low-income children.
Public good: Non-exludability
It is not possible to exclude non-payers from consuming the good.
public good #2: Non-rivalry in consumption
Additional people consuming the good do not diminish the benefit of others. Education creates positive externalities
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