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25 terms

Civil Rights

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Thurgood Marshall
NAACP lawyer during Brown v Board case; 1st black Supreme Court justice
Mahatma Gandhi
Father of non-violent protest; King admired him and adopted his approach
Black Panthers
Worked for civil rights through confrontation and violence
CORE
This group organized the Freedom Rides
NAACP
Worked for civil rights through the legal system
1965 Voting Rights Act
Ended literacy tests and poll taxes; allowed officers to register voters
1964 Civil Rights Act
Outlawed segregation in public places; banned discrimination in employment
Rosa Parks
Her arrest started the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Civil Disobedience
Non-violent protest against unjust laws
Little Rock Nine
Students chosen to integrate Central High School in 1957
Emmett Till
Black boy from Chicago who was murdered when visiting in the South; emotional spark to the movement
Malcolm X
Black Muslim leader who believed white racism should be fought in a violent manner if necessary
Plessy v Ferguson
Established the "separate but equal" policy in the US
affirmative action
A policy to create opportunities for those that have been discriminated againt in the past
Sit-Ins
These started in Greensboro, North Carolina to peacefully protest segregation in restaurants, etc
King's letter from Birmingham Jail
He wrote the goals of the Civil Rights Movement while there.
Birmingham Marches
Fire hoses and dogs were used against children and teens who were peacefully protesting
Birmingham Sixteenth Street Baptist Church
A meeting ground and headquarters for the movement. It was bombed killing four girls
March on Washington
Marchers demanded passage of a civil rights bill, job opportunities and integration; "I have a dream" speech was given
Black Power
Stokely Carmichael coined this term, meaning pride in culture and black controlled communities
Brown v. Board of Education
Court ruled that segregation was unconstitutional, overturned Plessey v Ferguson.
Freedom Summer
A voters' registration drive in Mississippi turned violent when three college students (from the north) were killed.
Freedom Rides
Riders rode through the South to challenge segregation; violence erupted
Selma to Montgomery Marches
Marches for voting rights, police beat marchers and used tear gas against them; violence was shown on TV
Martin Luther King Jr.
Assassinated by James Earl Ray in 1968 while supporting garbage workers in Memphis