Drugs

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Drug
A substance other than food and water that changes the structure or function of the body or mind.
Depressant
A substance that inhibits or slows down the central nervous system.
Hallucinogen
Drugs that affect a person's perceptions, sensations, thinking, self-awareness, and emotions.
Inhalants
Substances whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to achieve a mind-altering effect.
Narcotics
Drugs from the opiate family, reduce pain and create a state of well-being.
Prescription Drugs
A drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist.
Anabolic Steroids
Manufactured testosterone, drugs that are usually taken to build muscle, enhance performance, and improve appearance.
Stimulants
Drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, and ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions.
Dextromethorphan
A hallucination, a depressant, found in cough syrups that are sold over the counter.
Cocaine
A powerful and addictive stimulant, derived from the coca plant, producing temporarily increased alertness and euphoria. As a street drug, cocaine looks like a fine, white, crystal powder.
Marijuana
The dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica plant. The plant contains the mind-altering chemical THC and other similar compounds. Extracts can also be made from the cannabis plant. Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States
Prescription pain killers (opioids)
Prescription opioids are used mostly to treat moderate to severe pain. When opioids attach to receptors, they block pain signals sent from the brain to the body and release large amounts of dopamine throughout the body.
Ecstasy (MDMA)
3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA) is a synthetic drug that alters mood and perception. It is chemically similar to both stimulants and hallucinogens, producing feelings of increased energy, pleasure, emotional warmth, and distorted sensory and time perception.
Heroin
Heroin is an opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance taken from the seed pod of the various opium poppy plants grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, Mexico, and Colombia. Heroin can be a white or brown powder, or a black sticky substance known as black tar heroin.
Bath Salts
A stimulant that can be found in powder form or tablet/capsule form the stimulates the central nervous system that causes delusions or hallucinations
Over the Counter
Drugs that can be purchased without a prescription
Withdrawal Symptoms
The reaction experienced when a substance abuser stops using a drug.
Tolerance
The characteristic of requiring higher and higher doses of a drug to produce the same effect.
Psilocybin Mushrooms
A hallucinogenic that disrupts your nerve cells and serotonin interaction, distorts the way you process information.
Nicotine
High psychological dependence and physical dependence, its a stimulant, nicotine is found in tobacco.
Alcohol (ethyl alcohol)
A depressant it effects the central nervous system it is the most widely abused drug in the U.S, high physical and psychological dependence.
Methadone
Opioid used in the management of withdrawal states and helps treat drug addictions.
Methamphetamine
Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug usually used as a white, bitter-tasting powder or a pill. Crystal methamphetamine is a form of the drug that looks like glass fragments or shiny, bluish-white rocks. A powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system, with increased body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels.
Caffiene
A drug of dependence found in many commonly available drinks and food.
What drugs are narcotics (opiates)?
Heroin, morphine, codeine, methadone
What drugs are stimulants?
Amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine, nicotine, methamphetamine
What drugs are depressants?
Alcohol, PCP, and inhalants
Fentanyl
Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic opioid analgesic that is similar to morphine but is 50 to 100 times more potent. Non-pharmaceutical fentanyl is sold in the following forms: as a powder; spiked on blotter paper; mixed with or substituted for heroin; or as tablets that mimic other, less potent opioids.
Narcan (naloxone)
Naloxone is a medication designed to rapidly reverse opioid overdose. It is an opioid antagonist—meaning that it binds to opioid receptors and can reverse and block the effects of other opioids. It can very quickly restore normal respiration to a person whose breathing has slowed or stopped as a result of overdosing with heroin or prescription opioid pain medications.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.