16 terms

AP Human Geography - Religion

Vocabulary flashcards from chapter 6 on religion
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Religion
a system of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities
Monotheistic Religion
belief system in which one supreme being is revered as creator and arbiter of all that exists in the universe
Polytheistic Religion
belief system in which multiple deities are revered as creators and arbiters of all that exists in the universe
Animistic Religion
the belief that inanimate objects, such as hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of the natural landscape, possess souls and can help or hinder human efforts on Earth
Universalizing Religion
A religion that appeals to all people and in some cases great effort is undertake in evangelism and missionary work.
Ethnic Religion
a religion that is particular to one, culturally distinct, group of people.
Hinduism
one of the oldest religions in the modern world, dating back over 4000 years, and originating in the Indus River Valley of what is today part of Pakistan... is unique among the world's religions in that it does not have a single founder, a single theology, or agreement on its origins.
Buddhism
religion founded in the sixth century BCE and characterized by the belief that enlightenment would come through knowledge, especially self-knowledge; elimination of greed, craving, and desire; complete honesty; and never hurting another person or animal.
Confucianism
a philosophy of ethics, education, and public service based on the writings of Confucius and traditionally thought of as one of the core elements of Chinese culture.
Judaism
religion with its roots in the teachings of Abraham (from Ur), who is credit with uniting his people to worship only one God.
Diaspora
a term describing forceful or voluntary dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place. Originally denoting the dispersal of Jews.
Christianity
religion based on the teachings of Jesus. According to Christian teaching, Jesus is the son of God, placed on Earth to teach people how to live according to God's plan
Eastern Orthodox Church (eoc)
one of the three major branches of Christianity, In 1054 CE, Christianity was divided along that same line when the church, centered in Constantinople; and the Roman Catholic Church, centered in Rome, split.
Protestant
one of three major branches of Christianity, many adherents to the Catholic church began to question the role of religion in their lives and opened the door to the Protestant Reformation in 1517
Islam
the youngest of the major world religions, Islam is based on the teachings of Muhammad, born in Mecca in 571 CE. According to the teaching, Muhammad received the truth directly from Allah in a series of revelations during which Muhammad spoke the verses of the Qu'ran (Koran), the Islamic holy book.
Religious Fundamentalism
religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy

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