amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a molecule of glucose is broken into two molecules of pyruvic acid
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
process that requires oxygen
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a series of energy-extracting reactions
electron transport chain
a series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from the Krebs cycle are used to convert ADP into ATP
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