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Politics of the United States
Knapp Constitution History Quiz
Terms in this set (34)
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches
seperation of powers
dividing the powers of government among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Agreement at the constitutional convention that created one house with equal votes for all states and one with votes based on population.
The great compromise
Branch in the government that can declare actions of the other two branches unconstitutional.
Branch of government that can impeach government officials, declare war, and control foreign trade.
Branch of government that commands the armed forces, vetoes laws, makes treaties, and pardons crimes.
Branch that includes congress; makes laws.
Branch that includes the courts; interprets the laws and applies them fairly.
Branch that includes the President and Cabinet; carries out laws.
Branch whose powers can be limited by impeachment, overriding vetoes, declaring actions unconstitutional.
The document that sets up rules for the United States government.
Group that has the power to borrow money, control interstate commerce, and pass laws about immigration.
The group that has the power to approve treaties and appointments of federal judges, like those in the Supreme Court.
Idea introduced at the constitutional convention that included two legislative houses with votes based on population.
The Virginia Plan
In this branch of Congress each state has two members.
Meeting where representatives from most states decided to get rid of the Articles of Confederation and create a new set of rules for our government.
The constitutional convention
Name for a system of government where people vote for representatives to make and enforce laws.
Name for things only the national government can do, like creating an army, declaring war, and making money
Name for things that both state and national governments can do, like collecting taxes, borrowing money, and creating courts.
Name for things that only state governments can do, like regulating corporations and controlling education.
Names of the two houses of Congress
Senate and House of Representatives
The number of members in this branch of Congress is based on the population.
House of rep
The people in this office are appointed for life terms.
the people are the source of the government's power
Problems with this document include no chief executive, no power to tax, no ability to create an army, and difficulty passing laws.
Articles of confederation
Protest against the government, led by poor farmers and revolutionary War veterans, that made people realize problems with the articles of confederation.
Type of vote in congress in order to override a presidential veto.
They need a 2/3 vote in both house and senate.
Type of vote in each house of Congress needed to pass a bill and send it to the President for approval.
a majority vote, more than half.
What does the phrase, "Insure domestic tranquility" mean?
maintain peace within our nation
What does the phrase, "We the people" mean?
The people of the U.S. are unified as one whole.
How are the declaration and constitution similar and different?
They are similar because they both set rules for the government and are different because one has principles and the other is a document.
How does the Declaration of Independence work?
There are 5 principles in the Declaration of Independence they help the government with "rules" of how to act.
How does the Constitution work?
It is a document that sets up the entire system of the government.
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
Magruder's American Government (Florida Student Edition)
Daniel M. Shea
United States Government: Our Democracy
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
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