15 terms

Cell Processes

Cell Processes according to the Buffalo Public Schools pacing guide.
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products
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
substance
any element or compound
autotrophs
organisms that make their own food
producers
organisms that make their own food
consumers
an organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on other organisms or their remains.
photosynthesis
the process by which plants make food
photosynthesis equation
water + light energy + carbon dioxide --> oxygen & glucose
glucose
sugar
cellular respiration
the process by which organisms make energy from food using oxygen.
osmosis
diffusion of water
diffusion
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
mitosis
the process in which a cell divides to form into two new cells that are identical (the same).
chromosome
cell parts made out of DNA that carry the instructions for an organism.
cellular respiration equation
glucose + oxygen --> energy (ATP) + carbon dioxide + water.