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English III Midterm
heyy guys! ignore vocab, i have that in the english midterm folder :)
Terms in this set (71)
Impossible to take away or give up
Requires or forces
Approval or agreement
Accepting something reluctantly but without protest
Morally correct behavior or thinking; uprightness
Inability to be in error
Absolute rule; tyranny
Unfavorable opinions or feelings formed beforehand or without factual support
Beneficial; promoting a positive purpose
Virtue of following moral or ethical principles
Very unhappy; miserable
To set apart as holy; to dedicate
Make sacred; consecrate
To make firm; establish
To show; to explain
To add to
To prove; to demonstrate
The state or appearance of being convinced
Concise, complete, and accurate overview of a text; does not include a statement of opinion or analysis
Arrangement of words in sentences
Writing meant to get readers to think in a certain way or take a particular action
Ways of framing ideas for specific effect
Appeals to emotion/Emotional appeals
Ideas or language that attempts to influence feelings; may include charged language as well as references to concepts like justice or fairness, and stories or anecdotes
Strong words with powerful connotations
Appeals to logic
Ideas or language the connects to readers' rationality or reason; emphasize relationships between evidence, such as facts, and consequences or outcomes
Appeals to authority
Ideas or language that suggests the writer has special expertise or demonstrates character in a way that merits readers attention on the subject
Way in which a word or phrase is used
Level or familiarity in which a writers address the reader
ways of using language for effect
In "A New Nation", who were the four 'people' that were longing for freedom and for their colonies to be established? Where did they settle?
Pilgrims, Puritans, Quakers, Catholics; Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maryland
Why did these people settle in these places in the passages "A New Nation"?
to escape from England's restrictions; each has religious convictions
In "A New Nation", what did the 13 colonies end up making? Why?
society (even though they were all independent themselves); they felt different from the Atlantic side, they valued equality and opportunity (except slaves and servants)
In "A New Nation", what was the set-up of the legislatures?
2 house legs.
In "A New Nation", what did Great Britain have a problem with?
that America has rights
In "A New Nation", what stopped the colonists from moving and settling West?
Proclamation of 1763
In "A New Nation", where did the phrase "no taxation from representation" come from?
Great Britain was making the colonists pay a lot of taxes that kept getting more expensive
In "A New Nation", What caused the war in Lexington and Concord?
In "A New Nation", Who joined the war in 1778 and who did they help?
France; helped America win
In "A New Nation", What treaty ended the war?
Treaty of Paris
In "A New Nation", What was the Articles of Confederation all about?
it confirmed union of the 13 states; caused argument
In "A New Nation", What was made after the articles of confederation?
bill of rights
In "Declaration of Independence", what literary device does the writer use and how does he do it?
syntax; he uses long sentences to replicate a legal document, to get his point across
In "Declaration of Independence", what does he think that people should have and what does he end up writing?
all people need to have equal justices; lists injustices
In "Declaration of Independence", what does Jefferson state directly as the reason this declaration had to be written?
All men are created equal and entitled to certain human rights
In "Declaration of Independence", according to Jefferson, what is a people's duty when their government is abusive?
to throw off govt or make sure that this does not happen again
In "Declaration of Independence", what new relationship between Great Britain and the US is announced in this document?
don't declare war, independent (US)
In "Declaration of Independence", why does Jefferson begin with points about human rights before discussing the colonists' specific grievances?
that his reasons are important and a big deal
In "Declaration of Independence", what does Jefferson mean by saying that people do not change governments for "light reasons"?
they wouldn't do it because of them being trivial.
In "Declaration of Independence", why might more people be more inclined to put up with a government that is less than satisfactory rather than change it?
some may be scared of change, not stepping up to the challenge, or war
In "Declaration of Independence", according to Jefferson, what has been the king's attitude towards the laws of the colonies?
he is ignoring requests
In "Declaration of Independence", why is the king's attitude an important factor in the decision to declare independence?
makes him look immature
In "Declaration of Independence", what are the three devices that Jefferson uses?
syntax, usage, and formality
In "Speech in the Convention", what does Benjamin Franklin admit has caused him to change his mind in the past?
faults; "better consideration"
In "Speech in the Convention", why does Franklin believe that any constitution the Convention approves will be an imperfect document?
not everyone is perfect
In "Speech in the Convention", why does Franklin want the delegates to keep their divided opinions to themselves once the Constitution is approved?
people wanted to change beliefs and other things from the Constitution; people were contradicting it
In "Speech in the Convention", whose "opinion" does Franklin believe is key to a government's strength and efficency?
In "Speech in the Convention", Franklin doubts _____.
his consciousness, himself v. others
In "Speech in the Convention", why is there an allusion to the builders of Babel?
to show that if they don't come together, its gonna fail
In "Speech in the Convention", what how does Franklin fear the delegates may undermine the Constitution even after they sign it?
he feels that amending the Constitution would take away its meaningfulness
what literary devices were used in "Speech in the Convention"? explain them.
paradox, doubting himself and documents concession, repeated just because it seems right, doesn't mean that "I am" rhetorical questions
In the Olaudah Equiano passage, what physical hardships do the captives suffer during their passage across the Atlantic ocean?
sickness, gross, crowded, violent abuse, scarce food
In the Olaudah Equiano passage, what do some captives do to escape their misery of the Atlantic crossing?
some jumped into the sea
In the Olaudah Equiano passage, why does Equiano blame the illness aboard the ship on the "improvident avarice" of the slave traders?
they don't care how a slave gets treated because they get profit when a slave dies
In the Olaudah Equiano passage, how does his youth affect his treatment during the voyage?
perspective- wonder, interested in what is going on, curious
In the Olaudah Equiano passage, what happens to the captives when the ship reaches Barbados?
elevated, sent, pinned up
In "Gettysburg Address",
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