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The Expansion Review - Alexander, Bantu, Islam
Terms in this set (45)
They originated in present-day Nigeria but migrated through sub-Saharan Africa. They provided a common linguistic foundation to the region.
What the Bantu Spread
They spread agriculture, iron-making and their language. They even spread banana cultivation which originated in Southeast Asia.
Slash and Burn Farming
It is a farming method of cutting down trees and clearing the field. The ashes are mixed with the soil making for fertile soil but the land becomes infertile soon and the people must move.
Alexander the Great
This Macedonian king conquered a vast empire that stretched from Egypt to India. He even conquered the mighty Persian Empire.
It is a Greek-like culture spread by Alexander the Great. It also had elements of Egyptian, Persian and Indian cultures.
It was the Greek word for Greece and thus, the word Hellenism means a Greek-like culture.
It was a religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. It encourages a belief in One God, prayer and a pilgrimage to Mecca.
Judaism, Christianity and Islam are the Abrahamic religions. They share a belief in monotheism and many of the same early prophets.
The Five Pillars of Islam
One God, Prayer Five Times a Day Facing Mecca, Charity, Fasting during Ramadan, and the Pilgrimage to Mecca
It is the Arabic word for the pilgrimage to Mecca.
Forbidden in Islam
Muslims are not allowed to drink alcohol or intoxicating drinks.
It is having more than one spouse. A Muslim man may marry four spouses.
An Expanding Empire
When people are conquered, their cultures may change. An empire's policies may encourage conversion to a new religion or may encourage the adoption of new ideas.
The Americas and Isolation
The Americas were separated from Europe, Asia and Africa by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This changed in 1492.
It was very advanced. It had the only complete writing system in the Americas, the concept of zero, a number system and impressive pyramids. It was located in Mesoamerica.
It is "Middle America" or the region extending from modern-day Mexico through Central America.
It was the first great civilization of Mesoamerica. Giant stone heads were built. Maize or corn was domesticated and rubber trees were tapped.
It was an early and great civilization in South America. It was a pilgrimage site.
It requires creating flat land on mountains for farming. It requires cooperation.
The Geography of the Americas
The Andes Mountains are located in South America. There are many tropical rain forests in Central and South America.
The Effects of Mountains
They are difficult to farm because they are not flat and they separate people, making transportation and communication difficult.
The Effects of a Tropical Rain Forest
It is difficult to farm because the leaves and trees block the sun. Slash and burn farming often must be used.
A Golden Age
It is a time of peace, prosperity and great achievements.
The Islamic Golden Age
Great advances in math and science occurred. Algebra is actually an Arabic word.
The Status of Women in Islam
Women are considered equal in the eyes of Allah and can divorce and inherit property (although half of sons). Women, however, can only marry one husband whereas a man may have four wives.
It was the staple crop of Mesoamerica. It provided many calories and allowed people to settle.
What the Americas Lacked
The Americas lacked domesticated animals. It had the llama and alpaca but no horses, cows, oxens, pigs, sheep or chickens until the arrival of the Europeans.
The Impact of a Lack of Domesticated Animals
When a region lacks domesticated animals, it lacks beasts of burden or animals to carry heavy objects and help with farming. It lacks a powerful source of protein. It also leads to a lack of immunity to deadly diseases.
The Challenges Created by the Andes
They are the second highest mountains on the surface of the earth. They are difficult to cross and make difficult transportation and communication. They also make farming difficult.
The Accomplishments of the Mayan Civilization
A writing system, a number system, the concept of zero, astronomy and pyramids
It is the Arabic word for the pilgrimage to Mecca.
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
The first dynasty of Arab caliphs whose capital was Damascus
Dynasty that succeeded the Umayyads as caliphs within Islam; came to power in 750 C.E.
As Islam Expanded
More people converted to Islam
Chavin de Huantar
It appeared in the highlands of Andes between 1800 and 1200 B.C.E.; typified by ceremonial centers with large stone buildings
The first Mesoamerican civilization. Between ca. 1200 and 400 B.C.E., these people of central Mexico created a vibrant civilization that included intensive agriculture, wide-ranging trade, ceremonial centers, and monumental construction.
A term given to a culture because of its influence over other civilizations
The movement of a group of people southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
Hellenism and Alexander
Greek culture spread across western Asia and northeastern Africa after the conquests of Alexander the Great.
A large system of mountain ranges located along the Pacific coast of Central and South America
Flourishing trade, medical encyclopedia, library, Algebra, spices, silks, perfumes, porcelain, textile goods
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
Belief in one God
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