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Terms in this set (111)
Which of the following terms refers to a problem or a disadvantage a person with a disability or impairment encounters when interacting with the environment?
Which term refers to children who, although not currently identified as having a disability, are considered to have a greater than usual chance of developing one?
Which of the following are the three most prevalent disability categories?
Learning disabilities, speech or language impairments, and other health impairments
Which of the following laws extends civil rights protection of people with disabilities to private sector employment, public services, transportation, and telecommunications?
Americans with Disabilities Act
Which of the following means due process?
Schools must provide safeguards to protect the rights of children with disabilities and their parents.
____________________ teams are composed of professionals from different disciplines who work independently of one another.
Which of the following statements is true regarding least restrictive environment (LRE)?
A student cannot be removed from the regular classroom unless the IEP team determines the specialized instruction or related services the child needs to achieve his IEP goals cannot be provided in the regular classroom.
The most crucial variable in the effectiveness of special education is the
quality of instruction a child receives.
Which of the following is NOT one of the purposes of prereferral intervention?
To increase the frequency of special education placement for children whose learning or behavioral problems are the result of inappropriate instruction.
Disproportionate representation exists when a particular group
receives special education at a rate significantly higher or lower than would be expected based on the proportion of the general student population that group represents.
Which of the following is true about siblings of children with disabilities?
Children are deeply influenced by having a brother or a sister with special needs, but their experiences are varied.
All of the following statements regarding the financial situations of parents with disabilities are true, EXCEPT ____________.
the extra costs of providing for a child with a disability are usually covered by financial assistance from federal, state, and local agencies.
An increased emphasis on collaboration between parents and teachers is influenced by which of the following factors?
Parents wanting to be involved
Which of the following is NOT one of the five principles of effective communication with parents?
Encourage parents to share private family information that will help you understand the students' needs
Which tends to be the most difficult step in the RERUN dialoguing approach?
_______________ refers to families' strengths, resources, and insights.
Funds of knowledge
Which of the following is the recommended sequence for conducting parent-teacher conferences?
Build rapport, obtain information, provide information, summarize, and follow up.
A _______________ specifies parent-delivered rewards for the child contingent on her behavior or academic performance in the classroom.
Which of the following is true about a parents-as-tutors program?
Keep tutoring sessions short.
Which of the following is NOT an example of an open-needs assessment?
I need information about _____________________
Name one of the BIG IDEAS and explain how you would keep that in mind as a teacher or professional in a field that serves students with exceptionalities:
What three criteria do most states require to identify students with learning disabilities?
Severe ability-achievement discrepancy, exclusion criterion, and need for special education services
What is the defining characteristic of a learning disability?
Specific and significant achievement deficits in spite of seemingly adequate overall intelligence
Students with learning disabilities are most likely to be referred for special education because of difficulties in which of the following areas?
From 2002 to 2011, the number of students identified with learning disabilities decreased by 18%. Which of the following is NOT a likely reason for this decline?
Passage of the No Child Left Behind Act
Which of the following statements is NOT true?
Across all grade levels, females with learning disabilities outnumber males by a 3:1 ratio.
In most cases, the cause of a learning disability is
There is growing evidence that a common factor may account for at least some family links with dyslexia. What is this common factor?
Which two types of assessments are administered to meet the discrepancy criterion for identifying students with learning disabilities?
IQ tests and individual achievement tests
Research demonstrates the most effective interventions for teaching academic skills to children with learning disabilities are
explicit instruction and learning strategies
The majority of students with learning disabilities are educated in which of the following placements?
Which of the following statements is NOT true?
There is professional consensus about what constitutes good mental health
Which of the following are among the advantages of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders' (CCBD) definition of emotional or behavioral disorder recommended over the IDEA definition of emotional disturbance?
The CCBD definition clarifies the educational dimensions of the disability
Which of the following is an externalizing behavior?
Most students with emotional or behavioral disorders
perform 1 or more years below grade level academically
Prevalence estimates for emotional or behavioral disorders in children have varied tremendously because
many children who exhibit in appropriate behavior for short periods are identified in prevalence studies
Which of the following in NOT an environmental risk factor associated with identification of emotional or behavioral disorders?
The child's temperament
Which of the following is a screening test for signs of emotional or behavioral disorders?
Child Behavior Checklist
All of the following are measureable dimensions of behavior EXCEPT
Which of the following is NOT a scientifically supported intervention for students with emotional or behavioral disorders?
identifying and teaching to students learning styles
A major challenge of educating students with emotional or behavioral disorders is arranging an environment in which ______________________ can be learned at acceptable rates and the safety of all students is protected.
academic and social skills
Autism was added as a disability category to IDEA in when the law was reauthorized in
All of the following are stated in the IDEA definition of autism, EXCEPT
autism applies if a child's educational performance is adversely affected primarily because the child has a serious emotional disturbance
Asperger syndrome is which of the following?
An autism spectrum disorder that is at the mild end of the spectrum and is characterized by impairments in the social areas, particularly an inability to understand how to interact socially
Some theorists and researchers attribute the difficulties exhibited by children with autism in social situations to deficits in __________________, the intuitive ability to distinguish and interpret one's own and other people's thoughts, motives, and beliefs.
theory of mind
Children with autism may exhibit persistent and repetitive motor or vocal behaviors that do not serve any apparent function such as rocking, twirling around, or flapping their hands. This is called ______________.
Which of the following statement does NOT apply to behavior traps?
A behavior trap should be terminated as soon as the student begins to show interest in the targeted curriculum of skill area.
The dramatic increase in the number of children receiving special education under the autism category is likely due to all of the following EXCEPT
the incidence of all disabilities included learning disabilities, emotional and behavioral disorders, and intellectual disabilities, which have also dramatically increased in recent years
Current research on the causes of autism focus on which of the following?
neuropathology, genetic inheritance, and environmental toxins
Early diagnosis of autism is
critical because enables early intervention and dramatically better outcomes than are typically obtained when intervention begins later in the childs life
Which of the following is NOT a strategy derived from applied behavior analysis for teaching students with autism spectrum disorder?
inquiry based learning
Which of the following are the four major functions of communication?
Narrating, explaining or informing, requesting, and expressing
Which three dimensions of language define its form?
phonology, morphology, syntax
A ____________ language disorder interferes with understanding of language; and a _____________ language disorder interferes with production.
receptive and expressive
The two basic types of voice disorders involve
phonation and resonance
A(n) _________________ disorder is an "interruption in the flow of speaking characterized by atypical rate, rhythm, and repetitions in sounds, syllables, words, and phrases."
Which statement explains why the number of children with speech and language impairments is much higher than the number of children who receive services under the speech and language impairment category?
Approximately 50% of children who receive special education services because of another primary disability, also have communication disorders.
_________________________ is the collective name for a group of speech disorders caused by neuromuscular impairments that affect the movements necessary for proper respiration, phonation, resonation, articulation, or prosodic aspects of speech.
Which of the following components of a comprehensive evaluation to detect speech or language disorders may involve providing the student with open-ended prompts such as: "Tell me about your family"?
_______________ is an assessment of a set of language skills required in everyday face-to-face communication.
Basic interpersonal communication skills (BICS)
Which of the following is NOT a strategy for increasing naturalistic opportunities for language teaching?
What is deafness?
Deafness means a hearing loss that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, [and] that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
The effects of hearing loss on a child's communication and language skills, academic achievement, and social and emotional functioning are influenced by all of the following factors EXCEPT
whether or not the child's family speaks English
Which of the following statements regarding the prevalence of hearing loss is true?
About 2 to 3 of every 1,000 children are born deaf or hard of hearing
Which of the following is a cause of acquired hearing loss?
_______________ is used to assess the hearing of older children and adults.
A student who is/has _______________ receives no useful information through the sense of vision and must use tactile and auditory senses for all learning.
The definition of visual impairment in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) emphasizes the relationship between
vision and learning
All of the following are characteristics of students with visual impairments except difficulty with
Many students with visual impairments have one or more disabilities and are served and counted under other categories such as
deaf-blindness and multiple disabilities
Causes of visual impairments are classified under which three categories?
refractive errors, structural impairments, cortical visual impairments
What are the subtypes of ADHD?
There are three subtypes: predominantly inattentive type, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type, and combined type
How are children with ADHD eligible for special education and related services?
Under IDEA's other health impairments disability category or by a "504 Plan" per the Rehabilitation Act
What are the two most common treatment approaches for ADHD?
prescription stimulant medication and behavioral interventions
According to IDEA, health impairments include all of the following EXCEPT
Which of the following is the most prevalent physical disability among school-age children?
Which of the following statements about multiple disabilities is true?
Multiple disabilities include severe and profound disabilities
Which of the following statements about traumatic brain injury is true?
Traumatic brain injury does not include brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative
Significant and obvious defects in multiple life-skills or developmental areas are characteristics of which of the following?
Which of the following statements about the identification and prevalence of multiple and severe disabilities is true?
Combined, students served under the multiple disabilities, deaf-blindness, and traumatic brain injury categories represent less than 3% of all school-age children with disabilities
Which of the following statements about communication for students with severe disabilities is true?
Communication is functional when it enables a child to get help and make choices
The first federal definition of gifted and talented students appeared in
a 1972 report to congress titled Education of the Gifted
Highly gifted students have IQ scores ___ standard deviations or greater above the mean.
According to Guilford, fluency, flexibility, elaboration, and synthesizing are dimensions of _______________________________
Which of the following is NOT part of a comprehensive and equitable assessment for identifying gifted and talented students?
Maker's DISCOVER model identifies children from different racial and cultural groups by assessing _________________ skills.
________________ enables students to probe or study specific subject matter, a topic of interest, or a discipline in greater detail and depth than would occur in the standard curriculum.
Grade skipping, self-paced instruction, concurrent enrollment in high school and college are examples of __________________
__________________ learning is an instructional activity in which students work together for an extended period of time to investigate an authentic question and produce a project.
___________________ is a full-time grouping option in which the top five to eight gifted and talented students at a given grade level are placed as a group in a regular classroom of mixed-ability students.
Cluster ability grouping
In what type of classrooms are all curriculum and instruction focused on the needs of gifted and talented students?
A comprehensive system of early intervention services and supports is designed to
reduce the effects of disabilities or prevent the occurrence of learning and developmental problems later in life
Although not required to do so, states may also use IDEA funds to provide early intervention services to infants and toddlers who fall under two types of documented risk, biological and ____________________.
Which of the following statements about the Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP) is NOT true?
The IFSP must be evaluated every 3 months
Which of the following is NOT one of the purposes of assessment in early childhood special education?
Identifying the cause of a disability
Although most early childhood special educators view the developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) guidelines as the foundation on which to provide early intervention, they also recognize that young children with disabilities need
specially designed, individualized instruction
Preschool teachers can incorporate systematic language, social skill, or academic instruction into naturally occurring age appropriate activities throughout the day (e.g., snack, play) by __________
embedding learning opportunities
Preschool activity schedules should
include a balance of child-initiated and planned activities, large and small group activities, active and quiet times, and indoor and outdoor activities
Hospitals are frequently the setting where early intervention services are provided to
infants and newborns with significant disabilities
enable parents to receive support by an early intervention specialist who visits the home regularly
Which of the following is NOT an advantage of center-based programs?
Other family members, such as siblings and grandparents, have more opportunities to interact with the child during instruction
Compared with their peers without disabilities, how successful are youth with disabilities upon leaving high school?
outcomes for youth with disabilities lag behind those without disabilities in postsecondary education, employment, and community involvement
Which of the following is NOT included in the IDEA definition of transition services?
Family support plan
When must a transition component be included within an IEP for a student with disabilities?
By the time the student is 16 years old (or 14 years old in some states)
Which of the following statements about the summary of performance is true?
The summary of performance may assist the student in becoming a self-advocate as he or she transitions into adult roles
What is the importance of postsecondary education?
Postsecondary education improves chances of meaningful employment
In addition to increased vocational options, what is another benefit of postsecondary education for individuals with disabilities?
Greater lifetime earnings
Research-based ways to help prepare and support secondary students with disabilities for successful transition to postsecondary education include which of the following?
Access to increasingly rigorous curriculum, training in learning strategies, training in use of assistive technology, and practice in self-advocacy skills
What is supported employment?
work in an integrated setting with ongoing support for individuals with the most severe disabilities
Which of the following statements about sheltered employment is true?
Because sheltered employment takes place in segregated settings, it should be not be a first choice for individuals with disabilities and should be considered as a temporary training opportunity if possible
Transportation, the physical ability and skills to play games, and willing and able friends constitute which of the following?
supports needed for individuals with disabilities to participate in community recreation resources
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