Upgrade to remove ads
US History ch 18
Terms in this set (58)
ideological movement of the early 20th century that favored achieving political and social reform through education, wider political participation by all classes of society, and direct government action
Anonymous voting method that helps to make elections fair and honest
an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
people voting to reject or accept a law
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
the system that combines the duties of mayor and city council and vested those duties in five city commissioners
An official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council-manager form of city government.
Government activities aimed at breaking up monopolies and trusts.
Gas and water socialism
control of utilities such as gas and water companies by city or state governments
allowed americans to vote directly for U.S senators
Gave women the right to vote
Susan B. Anthony
Key leader of woman suffrage movement
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
Robert La Follette
The most influential of the state-level progressive governors and a presidential aspirant in 1912
led the Pullman strike and founded the American Railway Union
Increased size of Navy, "Great White Fleet". Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick" policy.
What were three means proposed by the progressives to further reform?
Direct democracy, increasing government efficiency, and advocating government intervention
What were two popular forms of city government developed during the Progressive Era?
city commission and city manager
What was the most controversial of the four progressive amendments?
Who was the leader of the progressive wing of the Democratic Party?
William Jennings Bryan
Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers
Northern Securities Case
The Northern Securities Company was a holding company in 1902. The company was forced to dissolve after they were challenged by Roosevelt, his first trust-bust.
1906 law that gave the government the authority to set railroad rates and maximum prices for ferries, bridge tolls, and oil pipelines
Pure food and drug act
Halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling
Meat inspection act
1906 - Laid down binding rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.
Upton Sinclair's novel that inspired pro-consumer federal laws regulating meat, food, and drugs
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
Jim Crow laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Please vs. ferguson
Established separate but equal
Booker T. Washington
proponent of gradual gain of equal rights for African-Americans
W.E.B. Du Bois
He believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediately; founded the NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
an organization that called for economic and educational equality for African Americans
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States, it opened in 1915.
Addition to the Monroe Doctrine asserting America's right to intervene in Latin American affairs
Treaty of Portsmouth
1905 treaty between Russia and Japan ending the Russo-Japanese War
1908 - Japan / U.S. agreement in which both nations agreed to respect each other's territories in the Pacific and to uphold the Open Door policy in China.
How did Roosevelt manage to end the coal strike?
He threatened to use federal troops to operate the mines
What decision by a school board in San Francisco angered the Japanese government?
They tried to segregate the Asian students into a separate public school
Why did some Americans fear giving the Philippines their independence too quickly?
They feared another major power such as Japan would overtake them.
Why did Columbia reject the canal treaty with the US? How did the US acquire the canal anyway?
They wanted more money. US helped Panama gain independence from Columbia and then Panama gave them the canal.
William Howard Taft
he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; he lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
Joseph "Uncle Joe" Cannon
Speaker of the House
President Taft's policy of linking American business interests to diplomatic interests abroad
Also known as the "Bull Moose Party", this political party was formed by Theodore Roosevelt in an attempt to advance progressive ideas and unseat President William Howard Taft in the election of 1912
Roosevelt's progressive political policy that favored heavy government intervention in order to assure social justice
28th President of the United States
Woodrow Wilson's domestic policy that promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters.
Underwood tariff act
Lowered tariffs on imported goods and established a graduated income tax
Federal reserve act
law that created the modern banking system
Clayton antitrust act
law that weakened monopolies and upheld the rights of unions and farm organizations
Federal trade commission act
established in 1914 to prevent unfair business practices and help maintain a competitive economy
Why did Taft's attempt to lower the tariff end up offending the progressives?
Taft went to lower the tax, when it went to senate they changed it so much it didn't really lower the tax anymore, but Taft accepted the new bill anyway
Why did Taft's antitrust suit against US steel result in a split between Taft and Roosevelt?
A former purchase of Roosevelt's was called out for being a trick to start an illegal monopoly. This angered Roosevelt cause it made him look stupid
What method of raising revenue did the underwood tariff use in place of reduced tariff rates?
federal income tax
What two major pieces of legislation concerning business and labor were passed during Wilson's first term?
Clayton Antitrust Act and Federal Trade Commission Act
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH ch. 20
US History - Chapter 5
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
US History ch 17
Shakespeare and Macbeth
US History chapter 16
The Canterbury Tales