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U.S. History Chapter 17 Test: Road to World War II
chapter 17 review study guide questions
Terms in this set (60)
Did the world believe World War I made the world safe for democracy?
What policy did the United States take after World War I?
isolationism (withdraw from world affairs)
How did isolationism affect the United States with international organizations?
United States avoided membership in international organizations such as League of Nations
How did the United States promote world peace?
diplomacy and negotiating disarmament
What did the United States propose in 1921 at the Washington Conference?
United States, France, Great Britain, and Japan destroy some of their warships to limit their naval strength
What did Japan agree to in 1930?
extending the 10 year ban on warship construction
What did France and the United States agree to in 1927 with the Kellogg-Briand Pact?
outlawed war and allowed countries to go to war only in self-defense
How much support did the Kellogg-Briand Pact get internationally?
signed by 62 other countries
What happened in 1931 that showed that the Kellogg-Briand Pact was weak?
Japan invaded China
What economical issues created international tension after World War I ended?
U.S. lent money to Britain and France during World War I and and needed to be paid back
U.S. needed the money from Germany as agreed in the Treaty of Versailles
Why did Italy join communism after World War I?
Italians were left unemployed and needed financial security
What did Benito Mussolini found after World War I?
Fascist Party to destroy the Communist Party and promote his rise to power
What was Mussolini's leadership philosophy?
military-dominated government should control all aspects of society
What limits did Mussolini place on the Italian citizens?
1. freedom of speech
2. arrested political opponents
3. restricted voting rights
What did Mussolini do in 1935 to help make Italy an imperial power?
When Italy invaded Ethiopia, what did the United States do to follow neutrality?
United States did not ship arms to either side
What did Joseph Stalin do in the Soviet Union?
turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state seizing complete control of the government
What happened in Germany in 1932?
Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party won 40% of the vote in national elections
Who did Hitler blame for Germany's economical depression?
Jews, Communists, and intellectuals
What rules did Hitler implement while chancellor of Germany?
1. Jews and non-Nazis could not hold government positions
2. outlawed strikes
3. military service was mandatory
How did Hitler's tight control over German industry affect Germany?
1. rearmed the country
2. strengthened the economy
3. reduced unemployment
What policy did Hitler use towards Jews?
Anti-Semitism (hatred of Jews)
How did Anti-Semitism affect Jews?
deprived Jews of German citizenship
destroyed Jewish property
What event happened in Germany on November 9, 1938?
Night of the Broken Glass
What was the NIght of the Broken Glass?
Nazi stormtroopers burned down synagogues and destroyed Jewish businesses
What did the United States negotiate in Latin America in the 1920's?
an end to the civil war in Nicaragua
What did the peace treaty in NIcaragua do?
abolished Nicaragua's armed forces
U.S. troops trained the Nicaraguan National Guard
What was the Good Neighbor Policy?
United States gave up its right to intervene in Cuban and Panama affairs
withdrew troops from Haiti
How did Mexico's government test the Good Neighbor Policy in 1938?
Mexico's president asserted government control over the country's oil industry
Did President Roosevelt intervene when Mexico asserted control over its oil?
How did the stock market crash affect Latin America's economy?
lowered the price of bananas and coffee
What reforms did Spain implement in 1931?
1. voting rights for all
2. public utilities for all
3. land for peasants
What did the military men in Spain do who felt threatened by the reforms?
joined the fascist party
Who was the leader of the fascist party in Spain?
What occurred as a result of the Spanish citizens joining the Fascist Party?
started the Spanish Civil War
In an attempt to remain neutral, what did Roosevelt do to avoid being drawn into a European conflict?
sent no direct aid to the loyalists in Spain
When Japan invaded China, did the United States become involved?
No, they made no effort to stop Japan's actions
What alliance was formed in 1936 that concerned European countries?
Germany, Italy, and Japan formed an alliance called the Axis Powers
What was accomplished at the Munich Conference?
European leaders adopted a policy of appeasement (giving into demands to avoid a larger conflict)
What did Congress pass to avoid war?
series of neutrality laws prohibiting shipment of U.S. materials to warring nations
What lands did Hitler occupy in 1939?
Czechoslovakia, Italy, and Albania
What condition would Britain and France declare war with Germany over?
Germany attacking Poland
Who did Britain and France attempt to get on their side?
What did Hitler do with Stalin in 1939?
signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler agreeing not to attack one another
What did Germany do in 1939 that caused the Allies to declare war with Germany?
Germany invaded Poland
What did Roosevelt do after Germany invaded Poland?
amended the neutrality acts barring the export of supplies to warring nations
Why was Roosevelt able to get reelected in 1940?
vowed to remain neutral on European conflicts
What was the Lend-Lease Act of 1941?
United States gave $7 billion for ships, planes, tanks, and other supplies to the Allied Powers.
What countries did Germany invade in 1940?
3. Northern France
What orders did Roosevelt give in 1941?
shoot-on-sight orders to U.S. warships in the North Atlantic.
What was the Atlantic Charter of 1941?
United States and Great Britain agreed not pursue territorial expansion.
equal access for all countries to raw materials
What did Hitler do that upset the Soviet Union?
invaded the Soviet Union violating the German-Soviet nonaggression agreement.
Who did Japan occupy in 1941 that upset Roosevelt?
What did Roosevelt do to Japan for them occupying French IndoChina?
froze all Japanese assets to the United States
placed an embargo on shipments of gasoline, machine tools, iron, and steel to Japan
How did Japan respond to the United States freezing assets?
Japan froze all American assets under its control
What did Tojo demand on November 20, 1941?
United States must unfreeze Japanese assets
Did Roosevelt unfreeze Japanese assets as demanded by Tojo?
What did Japan do on December 7, 1941, as a retaliation to United States refusing to unfreeze Japanese assets?
launched an attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor
Why did Japan choose to bomb Pearl Harbor?
core of the United States naval fleet was there.
What did Roosevelt do after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor?
called on Congress to pass a declaration of war against Japan
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