Social Studies Midterm Review
Terms in this set (60)
Qualifications for President
35 years old, born in the U.S., and has to have lived in the U.S. for 14 years
Grounds for Impeachment
treason, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors
Power of the President
1. chief legislator: veto legislation (congress can override it)
2. head of political party- offer coattails
3. chief diplomat: make treaties (senate must approve)
4. chief of state: represents us
5. commander in chief: in charge of military (congress declares war)
6. chief executive: enforce laws, appoint officers (congress approved)
7. chief jurist: appoint court (senate approved)
8. chief economist: develops national budget (congress passes budget)
Duties of the President
enforce laws; commander of military; foreign affairs; negotiate treaties; nominate cabinet and justices; review and sign or veto bills; issue pardons; address Congress yearly (State of the Union Address)
Power of the Senate
can impeach the pres. approves treaties, vice president is the
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments to the Constitution
Terms Of Office for House
Terms of Office for Senate
Gave African Americans the right to vote
Gave women the right to vote
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Ratifications of the Constitution- Number of States
Amendment that was repealed
18- ban of all alcohol in the United States
Challenges Washington faced
defining the federal government, creating stable economic system, building a military, foreign relations, treaties with Indians
Washington's view of political parties
Was against them
Political parties would divide Americans into two
Differences between Jefferson and Hamilton
Hamilton-wanted a national bank, a system of tariffs, city of only rich people
Jefferson, opposed a national bank, wanted the economy runned by farmers
Oliver Hazard Perry
United States commodore who led the fleet that defeated the British on Lake Erie during the War of 1812
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
William Henry Harrison
(1841), was an American military leader, politician, the ninth President of the United States, and the first President to die in office. His death created a brief Constitutional crisis, but ultimately resolved many questions about presidential succession left unanswered by the Constitution until passage of the 25th Amendment. Led US forces in the Battle of Tippecanoe.
Consequences of the War of 1812
America proved it could defend itself against an attack by a foreign power; America could not trade with England, so it manufactured (made) many of its own goods which improved the economy; Native Americans couldn't stop settlers coming into their lands after helping the British fight against the Americans; Americans felt more patriotic (pride in their country). (8.5.1)
Overthrew the French revolutionary government (The Directory) in 1799 and became emperor of France in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile. sold Louisiana purchase for $5,000,000 because he needed money
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
the longest river in the United States; arises in Montana and flows southeastward to become a tributary of the Mississippi at Saint Louis,
Invented the cotton gin
United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)
He was a British mechanic that moved to America and in 1791 invented the first American machine for spinning cotton. He is known as "the Father of the Factory System" and he started the idea of child labor in America's factories.
American blacksmith that was responsible for inventing the steel plow. This new plow was much stronger than the old iron version; therefore, it made plowing farmland in the west easier, making expansion faster.
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
This new system gradually replaced localized cottage industry. Workers were paid by the hour instead of for what they produce. On one hand it decreased the need for skilled labor, but in other ways it increased the amount of specialization due to labor being concentrated in factories.
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
Jackson, common man?
Jackson saw himself as representing the "common man". He was the first President not born into wealth. Jackson worked to expand political power in the United States. Suffrage was expanded to include all white males.
A policy of spreading more political power to more people. It was a "Common Man" theme. The first major opening up of American suffrage (voting rights) by Jackson's new Democratic Party in 1830s. Franchise extended to all white men (not just rich white men). Achieved by state legislation not constitutional amendment.
the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4,000 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
Jackson and the Nullification Crisis
When a very high tariff was passed to help the North, the South couldn't afford it. South Carolina decided to nullify the tariff, the "Ordinance Of Nullification" said that the tariff was not enforceable in South Carolina. Jackson said that the states could not nullify against the National laws. Jackson then passed the Force Bill which authorized him to use whatever force was necessary to enforce the tariff in South Carolina.
Found: Andrew Jackson CIS
Election of 1824
No one won a majority of electoral votes, so the House of Representatives had to decide among Adams, Jackson, and Clay. Clay dropped out and urged his supporters in the House to throw their votes behind Adams. Jackson and his followers were furious and accused Adams and Clay of a "corrupt bargain."
Leader of a slave rebellion in 1831 in Virginia. Revolt led to the deaths of 20 whites and 40 blacks and led to the "gag rule' outlawing any discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives
Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education; "Father of the public school system"; a prominent proponent of public school reform, & set the standard for public schools throughout the nation; lengthened academic year; pro training & higher salaries to teachers
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
A reformer and pioneer in the movement to treat the insane as mentally ill, beginning in the 1820's, she was responsible for improving conditions in jails, poorhouses and insane asylums throughout the U.S. and Canada. She succeeded in persuading many states to assume responsibility for the care of the mentally ill. She served as the Superintendant of Nurses for the Union Army during the Civil War.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(1815-1902) A suffragette who, with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights, held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Issued the Declaration of Sentiments which declared men and women to be equal and demanded the right to vote for women. Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869.
An organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Lincoln said "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war!"
A northern American politician. He developed the American System as well as negotiated numerous compromises.
(1817-1895) American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published his biography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
(1800-1859) anti-slavery advocate who believed that God had called upon him to abolish slavery. May or may not have been mentally unstable. Devoted over 20 years to fighting slavery, due to misunderstanding, in revenge he and his followers (his sons and others) killed five men in the pro slavery settlement of Pottawatomie Creek. Triggered dozens of incidents throughout Kansas some 200 people were killed. Was executed, still debated over whether he is a saint or killer.
American slave who sued his master for keeping him enslaved in a territory where slavery was banned under the missouri Compromise
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
As Sec. of the Treasury took the federal money from the Second BUS and deposited it into "pet" banks as per Jackson's orders. Chief Justice during the Dred Scott decision
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
Compromise of 1850
Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War
Term referring to bloodshed over popular sovereignty in a particular western territory
a law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery
Rivals of the Federalists who believed in a smaller government based on state rights. Their rivalry sparked tensions with Federalists, creating a political party system.
According to the compact theory of the Union the states retained all powers not specifically delegated to the central government by the Constitution.
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
Justification for secession
The idea of states rights
Northern and Southern Strategies to win the war
-Capture Richmond, the Confederates capital
-Capture Mississippi Valley and cut the south in half using their main road line and strangling it by doing so (Anaconda Plan)
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union