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VT 104 Midterm: Cumulative, Digestive System, Functional Units, and Your Inner Fish
Terms in this set (63)
The Modified Triadan Number for the left mandibular first molar in a dog is
The "true" glandular stomach of a ruminant is the
Which nutrient is NOT in its basic building block form that can readily be taken in by the columnar epithelial cells of the intestine?
The cardiac sphincter is located
at the caudal end of the esophagus
Another name for chewing is
Food in a semiliquid "soupy" state that leaves the stomach and enters the duodenum is called
What is the correct dental formula for adult dogs with permanent dentition?
2x [ I 3/3 + C 1/1 + P 4/4 + M 2/3] = 42
What substance makes up the bulk (the largest portion/material) of a tooth in cross-section or otherwise?
The correct sequence of segments that make up the small intestine from proximal (oral) to distal (aboral or towards the anus) is
duodenum, jejunum, ileum
Which of the following animals has a dorsal colon?
What is the hardest substance in the body?
the anaerobic, enzymatic breakdown of organic compounds like plant material into simpler components.
The part of the stomach that enables the stomach to expand and store food after a large meal is called the
The hyoid bone is also known as the cheek bone.
Match the number in the left column with the correct directional term in the right column based on the image below.
Please match the number in the left column with the correct term in the right column based on the image below.
41= Dorsal Colon
43= Ventral Colon
44= Small Colon
45= Transverse colon
Match the number in the left column with the corresponding structure in the right column based on the image below.
20= Ventral colon
21= Transverse colon
22= Small colon
The name of the entire yellow structure the arrow is pointing to is the
Match the number in the left column with the corresponding correct term in the right column based on the image below.
14= pyloric antrum
15= pyloric canal
16= pyloric valve
Match the letter in the left column with the correct tooth description in the right column based on the image below. Each letter (except for A) corresponds to a single maxillary tooth or mandibular tooth.
A= First Incisor
H= left mandibular first molar
D= left maxillary fourth premolar
G= Left maxilary canine
J= left mandibular third premolar
C= left mandibular third molar
I= left maxillary second molar
Select the best term that describes #58 below.
What structure contains cells that replenish (replace) adjacent epithelial cells (enterocytes) of the villus?
The grossly visible folds seen in the small intestine are called
What is the correct sequence of layers found in the small intestine, starting with the luminal (innermost) layer and working towards the outermost circular layer?
mucosal, submucosal, muscular, and serosal.
What nutrient is in it basic, broken down form?
3 fatty acids and glycerol
Oxygen and which of the following 6 nutrients are essential for life? Select all 6 that apply!
vitamins, ammonia, minerals, carbon monoxide, water, endopeptidase, proteins, lipids (fats), methane, carbohydrates
The opposite of palatal is
What cell secretes hydrochloric acid?
What sphincter or valve enables ingesta (chyme) to enter the small intestine?
Salivation is regulated by the central nervous system; specifically the cerebrum.
What term describes back-and-fourth movement of ingesta in the intestines?
What is the correct description for the tooth immediately distal to the left mandibular canine in CATS?
the left, third, mandibular premolar
What structure is considered part of the ascending colon in equids?
the ventral colon
The most distal part of the monogastric (e.g. dog, cat, horse) stomach is the
75% of the blood supply to the liver comes from the hepatic artery.
75% of the blood supply to the liver comes from the hepatic portal vein.
Antiperistalsis is a wave or wormlike movement of intestinal muscle that propels ingesta towards the anus
antiperistalsis is a wave or wormlike movement of intestinal muscle that propels ingesta TOWARDS THE ORAL CAVITY.
The pancreas produces bicarbonate in order to neutralize the chyme coming from the stomach.
What structure controls the flow of bile into the small intestine?
sphincter of Oddi
Which of the following are the 2 major functions of bile?
help emulsify and digest fats and remove waste products
What structure is packaged by and in enterocytes (simple columnar epithelial cells) and gets absorbed into lacteals to eventually reach the bloodstream?
Which of the following is an example of the pancreas' exocrine function?
The endocrine pancreas produces which of the following?
What term means the production of glucose from non-carbohydrate sources?
The storage form of glucose in an animal's body is
What compound is broken down by macrophages in order to produce bilirubin (free, unconjugated)?
The blood supply to the liver from the stomach, intestines, pancreas, and spleen comes from the
hepatic portal vei
In this omnivore, the red bracket refers to the whole or part of the
Match the letter and/or description in the left column with the correct corresponding term in the right column based on the image below.
B= central vein
C= Hepatic Lobule
Select the term that best describes the segment the black brackets are referring to (whole or part).
Which of the following is a skeletal muscle sphincter?
external anal sphincter
What structure enables lipids to enter the enterocyte?
Blood leaving the stomach, intestines, pancreas, and spleen must pass through the liver via the
hepatic portal vein
What product is secreted by beta cells of the pancreas?
Which of the following can be found in saliva?
The liver is considered the largest gland in the body.
What substance gives urine its amber yellow color?
The lymph vessels that absorb fats within the villi of the small intestine are called
Bile is needed for the digestion/absorption of
functional unit of the pancreas
endocrine islets and exocrine acini
The functional unit of the Respiratory System is
Which of the following cells are considered Antigen-Presenting Cells?
neutrophils, macrophages, dendritic cells, and B-cells.
Which of the following muscles are responsible for EXpiration?
internal intercostal muscles and abdominal muscles
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