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History 1320 - World History 2 Study Questions for the Final Exam
Terms in this set (145)
Napoleon Bonaparte defined history as:
"A myth that men agree to believe"
A "workable" definition of history is:
The recorded memory of the human race since 3100 BC.
In the 18th century, the Triangle of Trade connected inhabitants of:
Africa, the Americas, and Europe
Which nation is incorrectly paired with its area of colonization in the New World during the 16th-18th centuries?
The demand for sugar and other agricultural products of the New World:
Shifted the major direction of already existing African slave trade from the Middle East to the Americas
In the absolutist regimes of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in Europe, all the following were characteristics of those regimes except:
Periodic meetings of an assembly of the people
At the conclusion of the seventeenth century, England had reduced the powers of its monarchy and guaranteed the defeat of absolutism. Which one of the following did not contribute to this development?
A war with Spain
At the end of the seventeenth century, England had become a constitutional monarchy. In a constitutional monarchy, the unique feature is that the monarch's powers are limited significantly by which of the following?
A representative/legislative body of the people
All of the following are true regarding the Scientific Revolution except:
It strengthened the power and prestige of the Roman Catholic Church
Which one of the following was not a characteristic of the Enlightenment 1714-1789??
The notion that a republic is the best form of government
Which one of the following cannot be cited as a factor influencing the French Revolution?
A booming economy, abundant food supplies, and a significant surplus in the French treasury
The event that launched the French Revolution in May 1789 was:
A financial crisis that threatened France with bankruptcy and led to the calling of the Estates-General
Revolutions are generally characterized by three stages. Which one of the following is not a stage in the three-stage sequence?
A royalist phase
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, adopted by the National Assembly in France in 1789, was a:
Document specifying the natural, inalienable rights of citizens
The European kingdoms declared war on the French Revolution due to:
The fear of the spread of revolutionary ideas
Which one of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the four governments of the French Revolution 1789-1799?
Absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy, republic of the people, directory
Which one of the following cannot be cited as an overall outcome o the French Revolution 1789-1799?
Established the principle of separation of church and state
Which one of the following was not an outcome of the French Revolution?
Demonstrated the uselessness of revolution as a means of change
The term coup d'etat is defined as:
A sudden, decisive overthrow of a government using force
Which one of the following best explains why Napoleon Bonaparte's seizure of power was supported by the French people?
The population, after ten years of upheaval, wanted stability and order
Napoleon's reforms in France included all of the following except:
The restoration of aristocratic estates and the return of political power to the old nobility
Napoleon was opposed by the great powers of Europe because:
He took the title of emperor and sought to create an empire resembling that of Charlemagne
At the height of its power, the Napoleonic empire controlled (either directly or indirectly):
Practically all of Europe from the Atlantic coast to the western boundary of Russia
Napoleon's legacy in world history rests on the fact that:
He spread the ideas of the French Revolution to all of Europe and some parts the Middle East
At the beginning of the Machine Age, Britain's advantages over continental European countries included all of the following except:
An efficient railroad system
The Machine Age led to:
The transformation of the European economy by the development of large factories based on new technologies
The social structure of Europe in the nineteenth century during the period of industrialization was altered by:
The growing prosperity of the middle classes and the growth of an industrial working class
The Congress of Vienna:
Successfully restored a balance, stable, and conservative Europe after the defeat of Napoleon
The "economic liberals" (laissez-faire) of the early nineteenth century:
Argued that governments should leave the economy alone, permit the free market to work, and not restrict individual innovativeness
Which one of the following is not a characteristic of 19th century conservatism?
It subscribed to the notion of individualism
Which one of the following is not a characteristic of 19th century liberalism?
It believed in maintaining a society based on an elite class
The term "universal manhood suffrage" means that:
Only male citizens of a specified age are allowed to vote
Between 1832-1884, Britain extended the right to vote to its male population. Which one of the following represents the correct order?
Middle class, urban workers, agricultural laborers
The aftermath of the Civil War and Reconstruction, 1865-1870, saw the further development of democratization in the United States through the adoption of the 14th and 15th amendments which:
Defined citizenship, extended citizenship to ex-slaves and decreed that the right to vote could not be denied to any citizen
Democratization in nineteenth century Britain, France and the United States was accomplished by:
Increasing the number of voters
Which one of the following is not a key point in Marxist ideology?
Ownership of private property will be a key feature of the communist system
According to Marxist theory, in the thesis vs antithesis = synthesis process, the proletariat represent which one of the following terms when related to the bourgeoisie?
Which one of the following is not a violent act associated with anarchism?
The assassination of the Pope in 1900
Charles Darwin in Origin of the Species:
Argued that evolution proceeds by means of natural selection
Which one of following quotations best explains Herbert Spencer's Social Darwinism and the notion of "survival of the fittest?"
"Under the natural order of things society is constantly excreting its unhealthy, imbecile, slow, vacillating, faithless members."
Which one of the following is not an essential feature of a nationalistic movement?
The adoption of a republican form of government
Nationalism can be defined as:
A feeling that unites people of the same language, history, and cultural tradition
Toussaint LOuverture's rebellion in Haiti, the Greek rebellion against the Ottoman Empire 1823-1829, and the Latin American revolutions of the 1820s are examples of:
Which one of the following revolutions centered on the issue of liberalization rather than nationalism?
The French Revolution 1848
The argument that the social and political order was based on a hierarchy of institutions whose legitimacy was based on God and tradition was one of the main points of the nineteenth century ideology of:
The idea that government should be limited by constitutions, that voting rights should be extended, and individual freedoms promoted, were parts of the early nineteenth century ideology called:
In the nineteenth century, those who wanted to bring about complete and rapid changes were called:
Joseph Proudhon and Michael Bakunin are associated with:
In summing-up the world in the mid-18th century, Moving into the Modern World concludes that:
The world was growing more interconnected
China's relationship with the West can be described by which one of the following statements?
China traded with the West, but for the most part kept foreigners out
Which one of the following was not a key motive for the states involved in the New Imperialism?
The desire too outsource manufacturing to colonies where labor was cheaper
Which one of the following did Prime Minister Jules Ferry NOT cite as a factor in promoting French imperialism in the late 19th century?
The desire to import cheap labor to work in French factories
The British occupation of Egypt in 1882, the annexation of Hawaii in 1897 by the United States, and the French takeover of Madagascar in 1896 are examples of imperialism motivated by:
Which colonial power in the nineteenth century is incorrectly paired with its colony?
As a result of the Opium War 1840-1842 China was forced to open its doors to British trade, including opium, and cede which one of the following cities to the British?
Hiram Maxim contributed to Britain's domination of much of the globe through the invention of:
The machine gun
The alliances formed in the late 19th century among the European states:
Were strictly intended to be defensive
In the Triple Alliance, Germany was obligated to defend Austria-Hungary when an attack was launched by:
Which one of the following does not belong in a list of immediate causes of World War I?
The United States' protest over German submarine activity
In the summer of 1914, most Europeans believed that:
A war would be short and decisive
During World War I, the term "The Year of the Slaughter" referred to the year 1916 and specifically to the battles of:
Verdun and the Somme
One hundred years ago, the United States entered World War I due to:
Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare and the Zimmermann note
The western front during most of World War I, 1914-1918, was characterized by all of the following except:
Rapidly changing battle lines due to the massive use of tanks and motorized vehicles
The Versailles Treaty included all of the following except:
A clause abolishing the German monarchy
World War I is considered to have been a revolutionary event. Which one of the following was not a change brought about by the Great War?
The creation of the state of Israel in the Middle East
Which one of the following was not a revolutionary outcome of World War I?
The end of colonization in Africa and Asia
At the end of World War I all of the following empires collapsed EXCEPT:
The Bolsheviks in 1917:
Seized power from the weak Provisional Government through a revolution
As Lenin's successor, Stalin inaugurated the Five Year Plans which called for:
Rapid development of heavy industry and collectivization of agriculture
Stalin's Great Purges:
Were aimed at the members of the Communist Party and high ranking officers in the military
In Italy, support for Mussolini's Fascist movement can be accounted for in part because of a perceived fear of:
A socialist revolution
Which one of the following was not true of Italian Fascism?
It called for the abolishment of established religion
In the final analysis, Mussolini gained power in Italy through:
Legal appointment by the king
Mussolini and his Fascists agreed with the Bolsheviks and the National Socialists in:
Denouncing the doctrines of democracy
Which one of the following was not a problem faced by the new Weimar government in Germany after 1918?
Threat of a Russian invasion
Hitler's rise to power was due to all of the following factors except:
The Catholic Church's support
Which of the following was not a part of the National Socialist Party's ideology known as the Twenty-Five Point Program?
Denying women maternity care and approving abortion on demand
Both Mussolini and Hitler were able to gain power in Italy and Germany respectively because both nations were:
Politically and economically unstable
The Soviet Union, Italy, and Germany of the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s were considered totalitarian states. In a totalitarian state:
The state controls every aspect of the lives of its people
Which one of the following statements was NOT a feature of the totalitarian dictatorships which appeared in Europe between the two World Wars?
The major difference between a totalitarian dictatorship and a democracy is that a totalitarian regime does not have:
A multiparty system
Collectively, Communism in the Soviet Union, Fascism in Italy and National Socialism in Germany were viewed at the time as:
Vibrant youth movements destined to dominate the future
To Hitler, the concept of Lebensraum meant:
"Living space" in the East for German colonization
Between 1936 and 1939 Hitler invaded or annexed all of the following areas except:
The policy followed by both Great Britain and France in making concessions to Hitler to keep the peace in the 1930s was called:
Japan's aggressive behavior in Asia during the 1930s and 1940s can be attributed to:
The domination of the Japanese government and military by ultranationalists
The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere:
Aimed to create a Japanese empire in the Pacific free of European and American influence
The battles of Stalingrad (December 1942-January 1943) and Kursk (July-August 1943) are considered turning points in World War II because:
The German advance into Russia was stopped and the Red Army went on the offensive
During World War II, the turning point in the Pacific front occurred in June 1942 at:
The battle of Midway
At the height of his power in 1942, Hitler's empire consisted of:
The European continent from the Atlantic to the outskirts of Moscow
The United States entered World War II because of:
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
The stated reason for using the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was to:
Force Japan to surrender in order to avoid heavy casualties in an invasion of Japan
The nation that suffered the heaviest loss of life and destruction of property in World War II was:
The Soviet Union
The Bolsheviks in Russia adhered to Marx's theory that the first revolution in the so-called "two-revolutions sequence" occurs when:
The old regime is overthrown and replaced by a bourgeois-democratic government
World War I is often considered a total war because:
The war had major effects on the home front as well as on the battlefield
In World War I the Central Powers consisted of all of the following except:
A condition prior to the outbreak of both World War I and World War II was:
A series of international crises
The victory of the Bolsheviks in Russia in 1917 was a contradiction of Marxist ideology because:
Russia's economy was agricultural and backward
The Second World War, unlike previous wars, showed its greatest horrors in:
The vast number of civilians killed
The term blitzkrieg developed during World War II because:
Germany developed tactics of air strikes and rapid penetration of opponents' lines with tanks
What was the Shoah/Holocaust?
What was the Final Solution and its goal?
What was the Cold War?
What are some of the highlights 1946-1953?
Define the containment policy and the domino theory.
What was the purpose of the Marshall Plan?
What was the European Economic Community?
What is the European Union?
What happened to the EU in May 2004?
How many member states belong to the EU and what has it achieved to this date, 2018?
What does Brexit mean?
How and when did the Cold War end?
What is meant by the "fall" of the Berlin Wall?
When and how did the USSR collapse?
Why did it happen and where did it happen?
The freeing of which colony signaled the beginning of the decolonization movement?
Who were the personalities involved in Indian independence?
Identify Kramer Nkrumah and explain his significance for Africa after 1945.
How did each of the European colonial powers exit Africa after 1957?
Give examples of the newly created African states and what were some of the problems faced by these new African nations?
Be able to give examples of decolonization in Asia after 1945.
How and when did the French leave Indochina?
How was Japan transformed under U.S. military occupation after 1945?
How did Japan achieve its economic miracle in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s and which industries dominated the recovery?
What is Japan's status in the world today?
What was the Kuomintang?
Identify: Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, Jiang Jieshi and Mao Zedong.
What was the Long March?
What was the Chinese revolution of 1949?
Why was the Chinese revolution a contradiction of Marxist ideology?
What was the Great Leap Forward?
Why did China seek a relationship with the United States in 1972 what has happened to China since?
Who was Deng Xiaoping and how did he revolutionize China?
Who is Xi Jinnping and what are his goals for China?
What role has the Opium Wars played in Chinese history?
How was the state of Israel established?
What has characterized the relationship between Israel and its Arab neighbors since 1949? The outcome?
Be able to define Sunni Muslims and Shi'ite Muslims.
What is meant by the term "Islamic Fundamentalism?"
What is the overall situation in the Middle East today?
How did the United States become involved in the Middle East and what is the outcome of that involvement?
What was the Arab Spring 2011 and the results?
What is the theme of "The Clash of Civilizations" published in 1996?
What does Niall Ferguson are in his book "Civilization: The West and the Rest?"
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