Terms in this set (41)
What are the four lobes of the brain?
-Foward part of the brain
-Associated with reasoning, motor control, emotion, and language
-Behind the frontal lobe
-Associated with processing info from body senses
Def: Somatosensory cortex
Processes sensory info from the body(located in the parietal lobe)
-Located at very back of the brain
-Associated with visuals and close relationships between the position of an object in a persons visual field and objects representation on the cortex
-Associated with hearing, some aspects of language, memory, and emotion
Temples of the head
What are the three types of emotional illness?
What is depression?
-Common, but SERIOUS mood disorder
-Affects how you feel, think, and handle daily activities
How long does symptoms of depression have to be present to be diagnosed?
What is dysthymia?
-Depressed mood(at least 2 years)
-Episodes of major depression with periods od less severe symptoms
What is postpartum depression?
depression in women after giving birth
-extreme sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion
What is psychotic depression?
Severe depression and some forms of psychosis(delusions and hallucinations)
-Have a depressive "theme"
What is seasonal affective disorder?
Onset depression during winter months(less natural sunlight)
Symptoms of depression
-Persistent sad, anxious, or empty mood
-Thoughts of death or suicide
-Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
Risk factors of depression
-Can occur with other serious medical illness
Treatment and therapies for depression
-Brain stimulation therapies
What are symptoms of anti depressants?
What are anti-depressants?
Medication that help improve the way our brain uses certain chemicals that control mood or stress
What are psychotherapies?
What are the symptoms of electroconvulsive therapy?
What is an example of Brain stimulation therapies?
What is anxiety?
-Feelings of worry or fear
-NEVER GOES AWAY and gets worse over time
What are some signs and symptoms of anxiety?
What are some risk factors of anxiety?
-Traits of shyness or self consciousness childhood
-History of anxiety in biological relatives
-Exposure to stressful and negative life events
What are some treatments and therapies for anxiety?
-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Def: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Teaches ways of thinking, behaving, and reacting to anxiety producing situations
CBT helps people _____ and ________ social skills
Learn and practice
What is bipolar disorder also known as?
What does manic-depressive illness(bipolar disorder) do?
Causes usual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day to day tasks
What are signs and symptoms of manic episodes(manic-depressive illness)?
-Lots of energy
-Increase activity levels
What are signs and symptoms of depressive episodes(manic-depressive illness)?
-Very sad, down, empty, or hopeless
-Decreased activity levels
-Feel like they cant enjoy themselves
What are risk factors of manic-depressive illness?
-Brain structure and functioning
What are treatments and therapies for manic-depressive illness?
-Medications(mood stabilizers and anti depressants)
What mental illness affects the hypothalamus and amygdala?
What is stigma?
Someone who is labeled in a negative way
What does the amygdala regulate?
emotion(anger, sadness, happiness)
What does the hippocampus control?
memory, stress hormones, and anger
What does the size of the hippocampus determine?
What does the thalamus control?
sensory information(good and bad feelings)
What are the four basic types of bipolar disorder?
-other and unspecified disorders