Soc.Psych Chapter 1

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Terms in this set (...)

social influence
shapes our thoughts and feelings as well as our overt acts, and takes many forms other than deliberate attempts at persuasion
social psychology
scientific study of the way in which people's thoughts, feelings and behaviors are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people.
Conflicts between influences
frequently occurs when young people go off to college and people find themselves torn bn the beliefs and values they learned at home and values of friends and professors at college.
empirical questions
answers can be derived from experimentation or measurement rather than by personal opinion
Why Not just ask people why they behave the way they do?
sometimes people aren't aware of social influence
Part of social psychologist's job
to do the research that specifies the conditions under which one or another is most likely to take place.
level of analysis
their emphasis is on how people interpret the social world but do draw on biological basis
evolutionary theory
explains how different species acquired physical traits. i.e. tendency towards aggression.
evolutionary psychology
attempts to explain social behavior in terms of genetic factors that have evolved over time according to principles of natural selection
Debate over validity of evolutionary psychology
(Simmon & Shceepers, 1996) is giraffe necks for trees or for fighting
Individual Difference
Aspects of people's personalities that makes them different from others (what personality psychologists focus on)
Powerful Role Played By Social Influence
discounted in individual difference. example Jonestown Kool-Aid . Also people are different in different social situations.
construal
the way in which people perceive, comprehend, and interpret the social world
Goal of Social Psychology
to identify psychological properties that make almost everyone susceptible to social influence, regardless of social class or culture
cross-cultural research
sharpens theorues by either demonstrating universality or by leading us to discover additional variables that help us improve our own understanding and prediction of human behavior
fundamental attribution error
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition
Liberman, Samuels, & Ross (2004)
Stanford Univ. Cooperativeness v Competitiveness. Wall St. Game Vs Community Game. also Ross and Ward 1996
behaviorism
school of psych maintaining that to understand human behavior, one need only consider the reinforcing properties of the environment
Gestalt Psychology
a psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts
naive realism
the conviction that we perceive things as they really are ex Ross 2010
Central Motives that Steer construals
the need to feel good about ourselves and the need to be accurate
self-esteem
how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself
Social cognition
study of how people select, interpret, remember and use info to make judgments and decisions.