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Cerro Coso Community College Mid Term Study Cards
Terms in this set (163)
Which of the following is an example of a policy founded on moral absolutism?
Restricting condom distribution in public schools
You run a sky diving business and want to encourage people to sky dive. An evolutionary psychologist will tell you that the best way to do this would be to advertise to a:
Man in the presence of a group of women
You have notices that an aging body's physiology changes and this can be accompanied by decreased sexual arousal. Which book would be most likely to inform you if this was true?
Human Sexual Inadequacy
In societies that believe in partible paternity, women are often expected to:
have multiple sex partners
Current neuroscientific theories identify biological causes for sexual orientation. Which early-20th century sex researcher agreed with this theory?
In studies of the various factors that lead to reduces sexual desire in women as they age, a cognitive psychologist might study the ___ whereas the psychobiologist might study ___.
Influence of distracting thoughts; hormonal imbalances
A major promoter and provider of comprehensive sex education in American schools is:
Which of the following is not a sexual right declared by the World Association for Sexual Health?
The right to choose the sex of one's baby
Which of the following is a treatment that marriage counselors may use to help clients resolve relationship conflicts?
Teaching improved ways to communicate
In studies of the various factors that predispose men to sexual violence, a social psychologist might examine the effects of ___. Whereas a biomedical researcher might examine the influence of ___.
violent movies; testosterone
Conservative Jews permit ___, whereas Ortho Jews teaching forbids it.
___ campaigned for women's rights to learn about and use contraceptives.
The teen pregnancy rate in Canada is half that of the US, most likely as a result of:
More comprehensive sex education in schools
An early theory that sexual desires are focused in the unconscious mind, especially during childhood, was proposed by:
Alfred Kinsey's famous sex survey resulted in the publication of:
Sexual Behavior in the Human Female
The idea that sexual morality should be based on the happiness or suffering it causes for the individuals involved was first proposed by:
Quantitative research studies usually include
a control group
The book ___ was published by the Boston Women's Health Collective in 1970.
Our Bodies, Ourselves
Which of the following Christian churches does not ordain gay and lesbian ministers?
The birth of the first test tube baby occurred in
The work of Malinowski and Mead revealed that
Sexuality differs across cultures
Which of the following is a predictive factor for a high teen birthrate in a population?
More females than males in the population
The most famous sex surveys in the United States were conducted in the 1940's by
___ study the endocrinology and genetic mechanisms of sexuality.
Results from the NHSLS, a demographic survey of sexual behavior published in 1994, revealed that
Women in relationships masturbate more than single women
The most invasive female circumcision procedure
About ___ of 100 women with a diagnosis of ovarian cancer will survive at least 5 years
Which of the following is the scientific term used to describe the entire external genital area in a woman?
Which of the following medical conditions does not result in abnormalities and menstrual bleeding?
The fatty folds of skin that run down from the mons on either side of the vulva are the
Fertilization of an ovum generally occurs in the
During sexual arousal, erection of the ___ helps to lengthen and stiffen the vagina
The only certain function of the clitoris is to
provide sexual pleasure for the female
Milk-secreting cells of the breasts are arranged around small cavities called
If a woman's body produces progesterone, but no estrogen, what effect will this have on her uterus?
Endometrial thickening will not be followed by menstruation
Menstrual blood comes from the ___ layer of the uterus.
In some cultures, women stretch their ___ for cosmetic reasons
A woman who cannot feel very much during vagina intercourse may have decreased nerve function of the
Outer portion of the vagina
The ___ is a controversial area of heightened sensitivity on the anterior wall of the vagina.
Erectile tissue within the glans of the clitoris consists of a single
The type of female circumcision called infibulation involves removal of the
Entire labia minora
Which of the following is not part of the clitoris
The anatomical basis of the G spot is probably
A set of paraurethral glands
The leading cause of death in American women is
Two internal extensions of the clitoris that give the entire structure a wishbone shape are the
The clitoral hood is formed from the
About __ women are diagnoses with invasive breast cancer in the US each year
In addition to breast cancer, women with mutations of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes also have a heightened risk for cancer of the
When the penis is _____, arteries are in a constricted state; when the penis is _____, veins are contracted
occur during rapid-eye movement (REM) sleep
Each contraction during ejaculation lasts about _____ second(s)
Which of the following about testosterone is false?
It terminates of the growth of the long bones after puberty
The brain region important for regulating testicular hormones is the
Koro is defined as
Delusional penile retraction
Which of the following is known to be reduced by male circumcision?
All of the above
What percentage of heterosexual men are satisfied with the size of their penis?
The glans of the penis is called the
Which of the following plays a role in male orgasm/ejaculation?
All of the above.
Treatment for prostate cancer may cause sexual dysfunction in men because
surgery to remove the prostate may injure nerves necessary for erection and hormonal treatment lowers sex drive and function.
During ejaculation, the
Urethral sphincter is closed and muscles of the urethra contract
Developmentally, the penis is most similar to the _____; functionally, it is most similar to the _____.
Clitoris; clitoris, urethra, and vigina
The production of sperm and sex hormones is a major function of the
_____ are sensory nerve endings found exclusively in the penis and clitoris.
Penile erection occurs when
penile veins are closed.
The spermatic chord and testicles poses a layer of muscle tissue known as the
The frenulum _____ of the penis.
All of the above
Tactile stimulation of the penis or clitoris is detected by a special sensory nerve endings called
The current medical consensus among American pediatricians is that
there is not sufficient evidence that circumcisions's benefits out weighs its costs.
The most erotically sensitive parts of the penis are the _____ and the _____.
One of the problems with a prostate that continues to grow throughout adult life is that
it can choke the urethra.
Which of the following statements about the foreskin is false?
It covers the shaft of the penis.
Which of the following is not one of the variables that predict good outcomes follow sex-reassignment surgery?
The sex determining gene call the _____ is located on the Y chromosome.
The concept pf autogynephilia implies that some transexuals
have a history of heterosexual transvestism
In the case of David Reimer, the boy who was raised girl following a circumcision accident, what variable was the influence on his ultimate gender development?
Prenatal testosterone exposure
Boys who possess an extra X chromosome are affected by
The gender schema theory would predict that children are likely to
repress details of stories that violate gender expectations
Which of the following scenarios would cause the greatest jealousy in women?
Hearing their husband refer to another woman as a best friend.
Girls who possess one X chromosome are affected by
A heterosexual man who experiences sexual arousal by wearing women's clothing is exhibiting
Nonclassical M-to-F transexuals are usually attracted to
Which of the following children would be likely to display very masculine behavior?
A boy whose parents openly disapprove of gender atypical behavior.
The term "autogynephilia" was coined by the Canadian sexologist
Which of the following approaches proposes that gender-related traits are inculcated by parents, siblings, and society in general?
Which of the following about children with gender dysphoria is false?
Most will choose metoidoplasty as adults
Aboy may be born with a uterus if his testicles secrete
too little AMH
Most children can identify their own sex by _____ of age.
A classical M-to-F transexual is noticeably ______ from early childhood.
A person's sense of femaleness or maleness is called
Men born with undescended testicles have an increased risk for developing
Cognitive developments models focus on
Which of the following scenarios would cause the greatest jealousy in men?
Seeing their wife kiss another man.
Which of the following would not tend to promote feminine development in girls, according to socialization theory?
Having an older brother
A man with a lower 2D:4D ratio is somewhat more likely to be _____ than a person wit a higher ratio.
A baby who is genetically male is born with female external genitalia and a uterus. Most likely this child does not possess
Viagra and related drugs facilitate _____, which is initiated in the _____ phase of the sexual response cycle.
penile erection; excitement
During the plateau phase of the sexual response cycle in women, the outer portions of the vagina _____, while the inner part of the vagina _____.
becomes thicker and tighter; opens up and lengthens
A study of salivary testosterone levels found that early-evening testosterone levels did not differ on night when men subsequently had sex compared to nights when they did not; late evening testosterone levels, however, were higher on "sex" nights (after sex had occurred) compared to "no sex" nights. The authors of this study concluded that
sexual activity stimulates testosterone release
Adult women with a high degree of "babyfacedness" may be considered attractive because
these features elicit the protective feelings that adults usually feel toward young children.
The fact of having seen a face before leads people to judge it as _____ attractive when seeing it again. This suggests that familiarity_____ attraction.
Although alcohol may facilitate sexual interaction by removing inhibitions, a common sequence of too much alcohol is
inability to achieve erection
Even when choosing casual sex partners, men and women value traits like______ very highly.
trustworthiness and warmth
Individuals who experience little or no sexual attraction to others generally consider asexuality to be
their sexual orientation.
Sexual fantasies of men and women tend to differ in ways that are consistant with stereotypes about male and female sexuality; men often fantasize about ______ roles and women fantasize about _____ roles.
In some cultures fatness is considered attractive because it suggests that the individual
has access to plenty of resources.
If a particular trait is deemed attractive by many different cultures and groups, it is generally believed to be influenced largely by
People with a high degree of physical asymmetry are more likely to have _____ than people with less asymmetry.
psychological and physiological distress
Male animals that have just mated are more likely to mate again when they
have a new partner to mate with.
Jaw width, mouth and nose width, chin size, lip fullness, and eye size are features related to the principle of ______ in judging facial attractiveness
masculinity - femininity
Imagined sexual experiences (fantasies) that people promote sexual arousal during waking hours do so via
activation of internal mental processes linked to arousal.
A sexual experience that does not include orgasm
is one of many normal variants of the sexual response cycle.
During orgasm, brain activity _____ in brain regions associated with higher cognitive processing and _____ in brain regions associated with pleasure and rewards.
Men who have a profound reduction in _____ levels experience a decline in sexual arousal.
Evolutionary psychologists believe that men find younger women more attractive because younger women
are more fertile and have more years to nurture children.
Women's ratings of the attractiveness of male bodies are influenced by ______ and ______.
width of shoulders; size of pectoral muscles
When newborn infants are presented with pairs of images of faces, they will spend more time looking at the face that has been rated by adults as more attractive. These results suggest that
there are universal features that determine attractiveness.
The low-volume opalescent discharge that may occur during orgasm in women is believed to be secreted by the
Many therapists identify _____ as the number one reason for dissatisfaction in marriage and other long term relationships.
Oral stimulation of the vulva is called
The anus is normally kept closed by the sustained contraction of two _____ muscles.
An intellectually disabled person has the capacity to give consent to sex if they
All of the above.
Which of the following statements about disabilities that affect movement and thus sexual function is true?
Most affected individuals are female.
According to GSS data for 2010, 1 in _____ men report having sex with a person other than a spouse while married.
According to evolutionary psychologists, married women who cheat on their husbands do so
for superior genes provided by the other man.
Oral stimulation of the penis is called
During anal sex, the penis passes the anal orifice and enters the _____, or the lowermost portion of the intestinal tract.
If a young woman was infatuated with a man in her lass whom she did not know, her best chance at getting him to spend time with her would be to say,
"would you go to bed with me tonight?"
Women with physical disabilities may not participate in sexual relationships as frequently as other women because they are _____ likely to ______.
less; have access to partners
On average, women take _____ time than men from the beginning of masturbation to the point of orgasm.
In the United States, the legal crime of sodomy continues to exist only in the context of
A person who dates a succession of partners over a period of time is engaging in
It is illegal to have sexual relations with an intellectually disabled person who is unable to provide
Generally, the script followed on first dates of American college students is
man initiates; woman chooses
Jealousy based on persistant false beliefs about a partner is called _____ jealousy.
Casual sex is more prevalent among
In successful relationships, positive interactions in discussing problems occurs _____% of the time.
In Victorian times, a doctor might thing that eating _____ encouraged masturbation.
In a study performed by Clark and Hatfield (1989,2003), _____% of college men agreed to a casual sex encounter with an attractive female stranger who approached them.
In the NHSLS, about one-half of the respondents who stated they masturbated also stated that they felt _____ afterward.
Progesterone secreted by the corpus luteum after ovulation helps prepare the uterus for implantation. Progesterone administration may help women who are infertile due to
recurrent miscarriage due insufficient endometrial development.
Which of the following is the correct order of events that occur in preparation for and during delivery of a baby?
engagement; effacement; dilation; crowning
Most of the energy in breast milk comes from its high concentration of
Human chorionic gonadotropin is produced after
Pregnant women require an additional _____ calories per day
The main hormone that promotes the development of the breast and subsequent production of breast milk is
MAle fertility may decrease with normal aging as a result of
All of the above
The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends that otherwise pregnant women
regularly engage in moderate exercise like brisk walking and swimming.
In men, bicycle shorts, Strenuous exercise, and saunas may affect fertility by
inhibiting sperm production by increasing testicular temperatures.
the best evidence to suggest that sperm counts in men have been declining over time comes from studies in which researchers
compiled data from many studies of sperm counts that had been published over the previous 50 years.
In a pregnant woman, conception most likely occurred approximately
two weeks after the onset of her last menstrual period.
Which of the following poses the most risk to a developing fetus?
Which of the following is not an advantage associated with breast-feeding?
Shortened feeding times.
Environmental pollutants known as "endocrine disruptors" may affect fertility because they mimic or antagonize _____.
Approximately 15% of couples in the United States have difficulty establishing a pregnancy. The cause for infertility are
as equally likely to be due to problems in the woman as in the man.
Amniocentesis is a test that screens for congenital disorders and involves sampling amniotic fluid, which contains free-floating fetal cells. The fluid and tissue are analyzed to determine risk for
both genetic disorders and spina bifida
Stimulation of the nipples leads to the secretion of _____, triggering the milk-let down reflex, which moves milk into the ducts leading to the nipple.
Sexually transmitted infections can compromise fertility by
preventing the sperm and ovum from meeting due to scarring or inflammation in the reproductive tract.
If sustaining a pregnancy is either impossible or dangerous for a woman, she may opt to use
a surrogate mother.
The likelihood that an individual woman to give birth to a child with Down syndrome increases with maternal age, yet 4 out of 5 babies with Down syndrome are born to women younger than age 35. This is because women
under 35 give birth to more babies.
Sexual intercourse during pregnancy
is not advised for women who have unexplained vaginal bleeding or leakage of amniotic fluid.
Prenatal care is most effective when begun
three months before a woman becomes pregnant.
Fetal heartbeats can be detected by
7 to 9 weeks of gestation
In in vitro fertilization, fertilization is facilitated by
placing both sperm and ova in a petri dish.