Chinese Theatre

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Three Major Religious Practices
Taosim, Buddhism, Confucianism
Taoism
A Chinese philosophy in which people live a simple life in harmony with nature.
Three Treasures of Taoism
Compassion, Moderation, Humility
Confucianism
Stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
Buddhism
Life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
Theatrical/Performing Arts
Storytellers, Dancers, Acrobats, Puppetry, Jesters
Shadow plays
begins as sacred and would be performed at weddings and funerals
Han Dynasty
imperial dynasty that ruled China (most of the time) and expanded its boundaries and developed its bureaucracy, temple and court performances
Pear Garden School
Men and women would attend (mostly men), for actors and performers
Yuan Dynasty
Dynasty in China set up by the Mongols under the leadership of Kublai Khan, replaced the Song (1279-1368), golden age of theatrical practice
six genres of yuan drama
love story, religious/supernatural, historical, domestic, crime, bandit/hero
Yuan Drama
myth/history/contemporary events, depict confucian values, deal in stories of poetic justice
staging of yuan drama
actor-centered, sung dialogue, minimal scenic design, lavish costumes/makeup
Symbolism in Makeup/Masks (white, black, red, gold, green)
treachery, courage, loyalty, gods, demon spirits
costumes
embroidery and furs indicate the characters of high rank
pond seating
has tables and chairs, lowest area in theatre
first balcony
less expensive, contains benches
second balcony
where women have to sit
Erhu
Chinese bowed lute
Ruan
four-stringed, round-bodied lute
Tung
hammer dulcimer
Pipa
Chinese plucked lute with roots in Central Asia
Dizi
transverse bamboo flute
Percussion
drums, gongs, symbols
music and movement is
highly synchronized
simple gestures
visually attractive but significant meaning
Dan role
high falsetto
sheng role
tenore robusto
jing role
thunderous quality
pheasant feathers
used by warriors, originally used in ritual ceremonies to celebrate birth of Confucius, used most effectively by actresses to play amazon roles
beards
used by senior characters to suggest tempestuous natures